Detailed chemical compositions of the wide binary HD 80606/80607: revised stellar properties and constraints on planet formation⋆,⋆⋆
Lund Observatory, Department of Astronomy and Theoretical physics, Lund University, Box 43, 22100 Lund, Sweden
2 Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 2611, Australia
3 Departamento de Astronomia do IAG/USP, Universidade de São Paulo, Rua do Matão 1226, São Paulo 05508-900, SP, Brazil
4 Tacoma Community College, 6501 S. 19th Street, Tacoma, WA 98466, USA
Accepted: 25 February 2018
Differences in the elemental abundances of planet-hosting stars in binary systems can give important clues and constraints about planet formation and evolution. In this study we performed a high-precision, differential elemental abundance analysis of a wide binary system, HD 80606/80607, based on high-resolution spectra with high signal-to-noise ratio obtained with Keck/HIRES. HD 80606 is known to host a giant planet with the mass of four Jupiters, but no planet has been detected around HD 80607 so far. We determined stellar parameters as well as abundances for 23 elements for these two stars with extremely high precision. Our main results are that (i) we confirmed that the two components share very similar chemical compositions, but HD 80606 is marginally more metal-rich than HD 80607, with an average difference of +0.013 ± 0.002 dex (σ = 0.009 dex); and (ii) there is no obvious trend between abundance differences and condensation temperature. Assuming that this binary formed from material with the same chemical composition, it is difficult to understand how giant planet formation could produce the present-day photospheric abundances of the elements we measure. We cannot exclude the possibility that HD 80606 might have accreted about 2.5 to 5 MEarth material onto its surface, possibly from a planet destabilised by the known highly eccentric giant.
Key words: planets and satellites: formation / binaries: general / stars: abundances / stars: atmospheres / stars: individual: HD 80606, HD 80607
The data presented herein were obtained at the W.M. Keck Observatory, which is operated as a scientific partnership among the California Institute of Technology, the University of California and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. The Observatory was made possible by the generous financial support of the W.M. Keck Foundation.
Table A.1 is only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (22.214.171.124) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/614/A138
© ESO 2018