Instituto de Ciencias Astronómicas, de la Tierra y del Espacio (ICATE-CONICET),
e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com
2 Universidad Nacional de San Juan (UNSJ), Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales (FCEFN), San Juan, Argentina
3 Instituto de Astronomía y Física del Espacio (IAFE-CONICET), Buenos Aires, Argentina
4 Departamento de Física, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales (FCEN), Universidad de Buenos Aires (UBA), Buenos Aires, Argentina
Received: 1 June 2015
Accepted: 28 July 2015
Context. Binary systems with similar components are ideal laboratories that allow several physical processes to be tested, such as the possible chemical pattern imprinted by the planet formation process.
Aims. We explore the probable chemical signature of planet formation in the remarkable binary system HD 80606−HD 80607. The star HD 80606 hosts a giant planet with ~4 MJup detected by both transit and radial velocity techniques, which is one of the most eccentric planets detected to date. We study condensation temperature Tc trends of volatile and refractory element abundances to determine whether there is a depletion of refractories, which could be related to the terrestrial planet formation.
Methods. We carried out a high-precision abundance determination in both components of the binary system via a line-by-line, strictly differential approach. First, we used the Sun as a reference and then we used HD 80606. The stellar parameters Teff, log g, [Fe/H] and vturb were determined by imposing differential ionization and excitation equilibrium of Fe I and Fe II lines, with an updated version of the program FUNDPAR, together with plane-parallel local thermodynamic equilibrium (LTE) ATLAS9 model atmospheres and the MOOG code. Then, we derived detailed abundances of 24 different species with equivalent widths and spectral synthesis with the program MOOG. The chemical patterns were compared with the solar-twins Tc trends of Meléndez et al. (2009, AJ, 704, L66) and with a sample of solar-analogue stars with [Fe/H] ~ +0.2 dex from Neves et al. (2009, A&A, 497, 563). The Tc trends were also compared mutually between both stars of the binary system.
Results. From the study of Tc trends, we concluded that the stars HD 80606 and HD 80607 do not seem to be depleted in refractory elements, which is different for the case of the Sun. Then, following the interpretation of Meléndez et al. (2009), the terrestrial planet formation would have been less efficient in the components of this binary system than in the Sun. The lack of a trend in refractory elements with Tc between both stars implies that the presence of a giant planet do not neccesarily imprint a chemical signature in their host stars, similar to the recent result of Liu et al. (2014, MNRAS, 442, L51). This is also in agreement with Meléndez et al. (2009), who suggest that the presence of close-in giant planets might prevent the formation of terrestrial planets. Finally, we speculate about a possible, ejected or non-detected, planet around the star HD 80607.
Key words: stars: abundances / planetary systems / binaries: general / stars: individual: HD 80606
The data presented herein were obtained at the W.M. Keck Observatory, which is operated as a scientific partnership among the California Institute of Technology, the University of California, and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. The Observatory was made possible by the generous financial support of the W.M. Keck Foundation.
Table 1 is available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
The reduced spectra (FITS files) are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (188.8.131.52) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/582/A17
© ESO, 2015