Volume 579, July 2015
|Number of page(s)||18|
|Published online||25 June 2015|
Chemical composition of two new W Virginis stars: DD Vel and HQ Car
Anton Pannekoek Institute for Astronomy, University of
Science Park 904, PO Box 94249,
2 Astronomical Observatory, Odessa National University, and Isaac Newton Institute of Chile, Odessa branch, Shevchenko Park, 65014 Odessa, Ukraine
3 Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Roma Tor Vergata, via della Ricerca Scientifica 1, 00133 Rome, Italy
4 GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, CNRS, Université Paris Diderot, place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France
5 UPJV-Université de Picardie Jules Verne, 80000 Amiens, France
6 European Southern Observatory, 3107 Alonso de Cordova, Santiago, Chile
7 European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, 85748 Garching bei Munchen, Germany
8 Instituto de Astronomia, Universidad Catolica del Norte, av. Angamos 0610, Antofagasta, Chile
9 Pulkovo Observatory, Pulkovskoe Shosse 65, 196140 Saint-Petersburg, Russia
Received: 18 December 2014
Accepted: 10 April 2015
Context. A robust classification of Cepheids into their different sub-classes and, in particular, between classical and Type II Cepheids, is necessary to properly calibrate the period-luminosity relations and for populations studies in the Galactic disc. Type II Cepheids are, however, very diverse, and classifications based either on intrinsic (period, light curve) or external parameters (e.g., [Fe/H], | z |) do not provide a unique classification.
Aims. We want to ascertain the classification of two Cepheids, HQ Car and DD Vel, that are sometimes classified as classical Cepheids and sometimes as Type II Cepheids.
Methods. To achieve this goal, we examine both their chemical composition and the presence of specific features in their spectra.
Results. We find emission features in the Hα and in the 5875.64 Å He I lines that are typical of W Vir stars. The [Na/Fe] (or [Na/Zn]) abundances are typical of thick-disc stars, while BL Her stars are Na-overabundant ([Na/Fe] > +0.5 dex). Finally, the two Cepheids show a possible (HQ Car) or probable (DD Vel) signature of mild dust-gas separation that is usually observed only in long-period type II Cepheids and RV Tau stars.
Conclusions. These findings clearly indicate that HQ Car and DD Vel are both Type II Cepheids from the W Vir sub-class. Several studies have reported an increase in the Cepheids’ abundance dispersion towards the outer (thin) disc. A detailed inspection of the Cepheid classification, in particular for those located in the outer disc, will indicate whether this feature is real or simply an artefact of the inclusion of type II Cepheids belonging to the thick disc in the current samples.
Key words: stars: abundances / stars: atmospheres / stars: variables: Cepheids
Based on observations collected at the European Organisation for Astronomical Research in the Southern Hemisphere, Chile (prog. ID: 060.A-9120 and 082.D-0901).
Appendices are available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
© ESO, 2015
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