Volume 426, Number 3, November II 2004
|Page(s)||1103 - 1109|
|Section||Planets and planetary systems|
|Published online||18 October 2004|
Laboratory photometry of planetary regolith analogs
II. Surface roughness and extremes of packing density
Department of Remote Sensing and Photogrammetry, Finnish Geodetic Institute, Geodeetinrinne 2, 02431, Masala, Finland e-mail: Jyri.Naranen@astro.helsinki.fi
2 Observatory, PO Box 14, 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland
3 Automation Technology Laboratory, Helsinki University of Technology, PO Box 5500, 02015, HUT, Finland
4 Laboratory of Space Technology, Helsinki University of Technology, PO Box 3000, 02015, HUT, Finland
Accepted: 24 June 2004
Laboratory phase curves of planetary regolith analog materials are presented. A study is made of the effect of compaction of the material on its backscattering properties. Further study is also made of the contribution of material surface roughness on its light scattering. First photometric light backscattering measurements in a microgravity environment are introduced as well as some improvements of the laboratory experiment techniques. The measurements show a strong increase in both reflectance and opposition effect amplitude under compaction. Also a broadening of the opposition effect width is observed. These results are in contrast with some of the previous studies on the subject. The surface roughness of a sample is found to be an important factor in measurements of samples with the same packing density. This should be taken into account in further studies.
Key words: planets and satellites: general / scattering / methods: laboratory
© ESO, 2004
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