Volume 644, December 2020
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Planets and planetary systems|
|Published online||26 November 2020|
Phase-angle dependence of colour ratios and potential implications for lunar remote sensing
State Key Laboratory of Space Weather, National Space Science Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences,
Beijing, PR China
2 Planetary Science Institute, School of Earth Sciences, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan, PR China
3 Shandong Key Laboratory of Optical Astronomy and Solar-Terrestrial Environment, School of Space Science and Physics, Shandong University, Weihai, PR China
4 Center for Excellence in Comparative Planetology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei, PR China
5 The University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL, USA
Accepted: 10 October 2020
Context. The colour-ratio technique has been widely used in mapping planetary surfaces, but its solar phase-angle dependence is not well understood. Understanding the phase-angle dependence of the colour ratio would enhance our abilities in interpreting planetary remote sensing data.
Aims. We aim to investigate the dependence of the colour ratio indices on mineralogy, phase angle, particle size, and the degree of simulated space weathering.
Methods. We measured the multi-band (i.e. 458, 633, 750, and 905 nm) and multi-angle reflectance spectra of four typical lunar-type minerals with different particle sizes using a custom multi-angular imaging device.
Results. The colour ratio does have a phase-angle dependence that is more sensitive to the mineralogy and wavelength and less sensitive to particle size distribution.
Conclusions. The combined analysis of the colour ratio and its phase dependence can improve efficiency in mapping the lunar surface. With a prior knowledge of the phase behaviours of colour ratios of specific lunar-type minerals, an optimised colour ratio at certain phase angles can be found to efficiently distinguish the composition of a target surface.
Key words: instrumentation: photometers / techniques: photometric / Moon / planets and satellites: surfaces / planets and satellites: composition
© ESO 2020
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