The influence of diffusion and mass loss on the chemical composition of subdwarf B stars
Dr. Remeis-Sternwarte Bamberg, Astronomisches Institut der Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Sternwartstraße 7, 96049 Bamberg, Germany
Corresponding author: K. Unglaub, firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 3 May 2001
We investigate the influence of diffusion and mass loss on the chemical composition in subdwarf B stars in the range , . Within the outer hydrogen-rich envelope characterized by mass < for the elements H, He, C, N and O the equations of continuity, the momentum equations and the equation of radiative transfer are solved simultaneously. For various mass loss rates the time evolution of the chemical composition is predicted within time scales of ≈ , which correspond to the typical lifetimes of the sdB's near the Extended Horizontal Branch. According to the results weak winds with may explain the typical helium deficiencies by more than one order of magnitude in the atmospheres of these stars. Winds with may lead to strong deficiencies as well as to enrichments of the CNO elements. The composition in the outer envelope changes in time scales similar to the typical lifetimes of the sdB's. From estimates of the radiative acceleration in the wind region, which make the existence of weak winds plausible, and from a comparison with the case of hot white dwarfs we suggest that the abundance anomalies observed in sdB stars are related to the combined effects of diffusion and mass loss.
Key words: diffusion / stars: abundances / stars: subdwarfs / stars: white dwarfs / stars: evolution
© ESO, 2001