Volume 520, September-October 2010
|Number of page(s)||12|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||08 October 2010|
Astronomical Institute of the Charles University,
Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, V Holešovičkách 2,
180 00 Praha 8, Czech Republic e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 Hvar Observatory, Faculty of Geodesy, Zagreb University, Kacićeva 26, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
3 Astronomical Institute, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, 251 65 Ondřejov, Czech Republic
Accepted: 1 June 2010
For years, δ Orionis was considered a normal binary with an O9.5 II primary exhibiting apsidal-line advance. However, radial-velocity curves of both binary components have been derived from the IUE and optical spectra using the cross-correlation technique, and surprisingly low masses of 11.2 and 5.6 were found. We obtained new spectra in the red spectral region and new UBV photometry. Using all published photometry and radial velocities, we deduced more accurate orbital and apsidal line periods. The main result of this paper is to show that the observed line spectra of δ Orionis are composed of the lines of the O9.5 II primary and a similarly hot tertiary, while the lines of a cooler B-type secondary are too faint to be detected in the available spectra. The character of the light curve (low-amplitude partial eclipses and a non-negligible scatter of the data) does not allow for a unique light-curve solution. Nevertheless, we show that the assumption of normal primary-component mass and radius corresponding to the O9.5 II classification (25 , 16–17 ) leads to consistent parameters for the system.
Key words: binaries: eclipsing / stars: early-type / stars: fundamental parameters / stars: individual: δ Ori
Tables 1 and 2 are only available in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (18.104.22.168) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/520/A89
Appendix A is only available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
© ESO, 2010
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