V2368 Ophiuchi: an eclipsing and double-lined spectroscopic binary used as a photometric comparison star for U Ophiuchi⋆,⋆⋆,⋆⋆⋆
1 Astronomical Institute of the Charles University, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, V Holešovičkách 2, 180 00 Praha 8, Czech Republic
2 Hvar Observatory, Faculty of Geodesy, University of Zagreb, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
3 Departamento de Astronomia, Universidad de Guanajuato, Apartado 144, 36000 Guanajuato, GTO, Mexico
4 Physics & Astronomy Department, University of Victoria, PO Box 3055 STN CSC, Victoria, BC, V8W 3P6, Canada
5 Astronomical Institute, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, 251 65 Ondřejov, Czech Republic
6 Department of Astronomy and Space Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, Erciyes University, 38039 Kayseri, Turkey
Received: 31 January 2011
Accepted: 18 April 2011
The A-type star HR 6412 = V2368 Oph was used by several investigators as a photometric comparison star for the known eclipsing binary U Oph but was found to be variable by three independent groups, including us. By analysing series of new spectral and photometric observations and a critical compilation of available radial velocities, we were able to find the correct period of light and radial-velocity variations and demonstrate that the object is an eclipsing and double-lined spectroscopic binary moving in a highly eccentric orbit. We derived a linear ephemeris Tmin.I = HJD (2 454 294.67 ± 0.01) + (3832712 ± 000004) × E and estimated preliminary basic physical properties of the binary. The dereddened UBV magnitudes and effective temperatures of the primary and secondary, based on our light- and velocity-curve solutions, led to distance estimates that agree with the Hipparcos distance within the errors. We find that the mass ratio must be close to one, but the limited number and wavelength range of our current spectra does not allow a truly precise determination of the binary masses. Nevertheless, our results show convincingly that both binary components are evolved away from the main sequence, which makes this system astrophysically very important. There are only a few similarly evolved A-type stars among known eclipsing binaries. Future systematic observations and careful analyses can provide very stringent tests for the stellar evolutionary theory.
Key words: stars: early-type / binaries: close / stars: individual: V2368 Oph / stars: individual: U Oph / binaries: spectroscopic
Based on new spectral and photometric observations from the following observatories: Dominion Astrophysical Observatory, Hvar, Ondřejov, San Pedro Mártir, Tubitak National Observatory, and ASAS service.
Appendices are available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
Tables 2–4 are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (22.214.171.124) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/531/A49
© ESO, 2011