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Table 1.

Goodness-of-fit of the flat ΛCDM cosmological model to each of the single and joint probe combinations with cosmic shear, galaxy clustering and galaxy-galaxy lensing (GGL).

Probe Data d.o.f. Model d.o.f. PTE Model d.o.f. PTE
(Joachimi et al. 2021) (Raveri & Hu 2019)
KiDS-1000 cosmic shear 152.1 120 4.5 0.013 3.0 0.016
BOSS galaxy clustering 167.7 168 10.6 0.272
Cosmic shear + GGL 178.7 142 8.7 0.005 7.3 0.007
Cosmic shear + galaxy clustering 319.9 288 11.9 0.036
3 × 2 pt 356.2 310 12.5 0.011

Notes. We list the χ2 value at the maximum of the posterior, the number of degrees of freedom (d.o.f.) of the data, the effective d.o.f. of the model, and the probability to exceed (PTE) the measured χ2 value, assuming the total d.o.f. are given by data d.o.f.−model d.o.f. The effective d.o.f. of the model are estimated following Joachimi et al. (2021) and Raveri & Hu (2019), accounting for the impact of priors and non-linear dependencies between the parameters.

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