Volume 646, February 2021
|Number of page(s)||25|
|Section||Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)|
|Published online||19 February 2021|
KiDS-1000 Cosmology: Multi-probe weak gravitational lensing and spectroscopic galaxy clustering constraints
Institute for Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, Royal Observatory, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, UK
e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com
2 Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Astronomisches Institut, German Centre for Cosmological Lensing (GCCL), Universitätsstr. 150, 44801 Bochum, Germany
3 Centre for Astrophysics & Supercomputing, Swinburne University of Technology, PO Box 218 Hawthorn, VIC 3122, Australia
4 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
5 Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, Niels Bohrweg 2, 2333 CA Leiden, The Netherlands
6 Max-Planck-Institut für Extraterrestrische Physik, Postfach 1312, Giessenbachstrasse 1, 85741 Garching, Germany
7 Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics & Cosmology, Stanford University, PO Box 2450, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
8 Center for Theoretical Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Al. Lotników 32/46, 02-668 Warsaw, Poland
9 Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, University of Groningen, PO Box 800, 9700 AV Groningen, The Netherlands
10 Institute of Space Sciences (ICE, CSIC), Campus UAB, Carrer de Can Magrans, s/n, 08193 Barcelona, Spain
11 Institut d’Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), Carrer Gran Capita 2, 08034 Barcelona, Spain
12 Argelander-Institut für Astronomie, Universität Bonn, Auf dem Hügel 71, 53121 Bonn, Germany
13 INAF – Astronomical Observatory of Capodimonte, Via Moiariello 16, 80131 Napoli, Italy
14 Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Denys Wilkinson Building, Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3RH, UK
15 Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, 4 Ivy Lane, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
16 Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 2600, Australia
17 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, PR China
18 Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, 776 Daedeokdae-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 34055, Republic of Korea
19 Shanghai Astronomical Observatory (SHAO), Nandan Road 80, Shanghai 200030, PR China
Accepted: 20 October 2020
We present a joint cosmological analysis of weak gravitational lensing observations from the Kilo-Degree Survey (KiDS-1000), with redshift-space galaxy clustering observations from the Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS) and galaxy-galaxy lensing observations from the overlap between KiDS-1000, BOSS, and the spectroscopic 2-degree Field Lensing Survey. This combination of large-scale structure probes breaks the degeneracies between cosmological parameters for individual observables, resulting in a constraint on the structure growth parameter S8 = σ8√(Ωm/0.3) = 0.766−0.014+0.020, which has the same overall precision as that reported by the full-sky cosmic microwave background observations from Planck. The recovered S8 amplitude is low, however, by 8.3 ± 2.6% relative to Planck. This result builds from a series of KiDS-1000 analyses where we validate our methodology with variable depth mock galaxy surveys, our lensing calibration with image simulations and null-tests, and our optical-to-near-infrared redshift calibration with multi-band mock catalogues and a spectroscopic-photometric clustering analysis. The systematic uncertainties identified by these analyses are folded through as nuisance parameters in our cosmological analysis. Inspecting the offset between the marginalised posterior distributions, we find that the S8-difference with Planck is driven by a tension in the matter fluctuation amplitude parameter, σ8. We quantify the level of agreement between the cosmic microwave background and our large-scale structure constraints using a series of different metrics, finding differences with a significance ranging between ∼3σ, when considering the offset in S8, and ∼2σ, when considering the full multi-dimensional parameter space.
Key words: gravitational lensing: weak / methods: data analysis / methods: statistical / surveys
© ESO 2021
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