Single thread destabilises, Phase 2. Panel a: final positions and energies of proton orbits (for the case where orbit calculations omit background resistive effects) together with purple isosurface(s) of critical current and interpolated magnetic field lines (grey). Each final position is indicated by an orb, and coloured according to energy (for key, see colour bar). Panel b: the initial and final energy distributions of both electron (red) and proton (blue) orbits where background resistivity is omitted (dashed histograms) or included (solid histograms). An example of the initial (Maxwellian) energy distribution is also included (black solid histogram).
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