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Table 10

Symbols and units.

Symbol Unit

βapp c Apparent superluminal motion
βint c Component source frame velocity
θ0 Degrees (°) Viewing angle to source
Γ Lorentz factor
δ Doppler factor
θcrit Degrees (°) Critical angle, estimated from the highest observed βapp
BSSA Gauss (G) Magnetic field from SSA
Bequi Gauss (G) Minimum magnetic field from equipartition
T B Kelvin (K) Brightness temperature
α Spectral index
D L Gigaparsec (Gpc) Luminosity distance
ν m Gigahertz (GHz) Turnover frequency
S m Jansky (Jy) Flux density at νm
θ m Milliarcsecond (mas) Angular size of emitting region at νm
R m Centimeters (cm) Linear Size of emitting region at νm
U rel erg Energy due to relativistic particles
U mag erg Energy due to magnetic fields
k Scaling value for heavy particles
r Milliarcsecond (mas) Separation from jet base
R Milliarcsecond (mas) Transverse width of jet
r apex Milliarcsecond (mas) Separation of core from jet base
ΔrS Milliarcsecond (mas) Separation of component S from core

Notes. A list of symbols, units and a brief description used for calculations in the paper.

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