Volume 578, June 2015
|Number of page(s)||12|
|Published online||15 June 2015|
Connection between inner jet kinematics and broadband flux variability in the BL Lacertae object S5 0716+714⋆
Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie (MPIfR),
Auf dem Hügel 69,
2 Institute for Astrophysical Research, Boston University, 725 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, MA 02215, USA
Accepted: 12 March 2015
We present a high-frequency very long baseline interferometry (VLBI) kinematical study of the BL Lac object S5 0716+714 over the time period of September 2008 to October 2010. The aim of the study is to investigate the relation of the jet kinematics to the observed broadband flux variability. We find significant non-radial motions in the jet outflow of the source. In the radial direction, the highest measured apparent speed is ~37 c, which is exceptionally high, especially for a BL Lac object. Patterns in the jet flow reveal a roughly stationary feature ~0.15 mas downstream of the core. The long-term fits to the component trajectories reveal acceleration in the sub-mas region of the jet. The measured brightness temperature, TB, follows a continuous trend of decline with distance, TB ∝ rjet-(2.36 ± 0.41), which suggests that there is a gradient in Doppler factor along the jet axis. Our analysis favors that a moving disturbance (or a shock wave) from the base of the jet produces the high-energy (optical to γ-ray) variations upstream of the 7 mm core and then later causes an outburst in the core. Repetitive optical/γ-ray flares and the curved trajectories of the associated components suggest that the shock front propagates along a bent trajectory or helical path. Sharper γ-ray flares could be related to the passage of moving disturbances through the stationary feature. Our analysis indicates that the γ-ray and radio emission regions have different Doppler factors.
Key words: galaxies: active / BL Lacertae objects: individual: S5 0716+714 / galaxies: jets / radio continuum: galaxies / gamma rays: galaxies
Appendix A is available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
© ESO, 2015
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.