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This article has an erratum: [https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201526463e]


Table 1

Definition of planets used in this work.

Planet category Planetary mass Orbital distance

Ice planet 0.1 ME<MP< 2 ME
Ice giant MP ≥ 2 ME and McMenv
Cold gas giant Mc < Menv rf> 1.0 AU
Warm gas giant M c < M env 0.1 AU <rf< 1.0 AU
Hot gas giant Mc < Menv rf< 0.1 AU

Notes. We distinguish the main classes of planets (gas giants, ice giants, and ice planets) only by mass and mass ratio between core and envelope. The subcategories for gas giants are defined through their orbital distances, which we do not apply for ice giants and ice planets.

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