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Table 3

List of bottleneck reactions for molecule formation with their temperature barrier or endothermicity and the corresponding velocity of the J-type shock that is able to provide this temperature computed using Eq. (10).

Reaction Temperature barrier Velocity

O+H2  →  OH+ H 2980 K 7.5 km s-1
C++ H2  →  CH++ H 4640 K 9.4 km s-1
S+ H2  →  SH+ H 9620 K 13.5 km s-1
S++ H2  →  SH++ H 9860 K 13.6 km s-1
C+ H2  →  CH+ H 14 100 K 16.3 km s-1
Si++ H2  →  SiH++ H 14 310 K 16.4 km s-1
N+ H2  →  NH+ H 14 600 K 16.6 km s-1
H2 dissociation energy 52 000 K 31.3 km s-1

Notes. N+ + H2 has little or no barrier: 168 K.

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