Volume 659, March 2022
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||The Sun and the Heliosphere|
|Published online||24 March 2022|
Scaling properties of magnetic field fluctuations in the quiet Sun
Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Via di Vigna Murata 605, 00143 Roma, Italy
2 Institute for Space Astrophysics and Planetology (IAPS), Via del Fosso del Cavaliere 100, 00133 Roma, Italy
3 Department of Physics, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Via della Ricerca Scientifica 1, 00133 Roma, Italy
Accepted: 14 January 2022
Context. The study of the dynamic properties of small-scale magnetic fields in the quiet photosphere is important for several reasons: (i) it allows us to characterise the dynamic regime of the magnetic field and points out some aspects that play a key role in turbulent convection processes; (ii) it provides details of the processes and the spatial and temporal scales in the solar photosphere at which the magnetic fields emerge, vary, and eventually decay; and (iii) it provides physical constraints on models, improving their ability to reliably represent the physical processes occurring in the quiet Sun.
Aims. We aim to characterise the dynamic properties of small-scale magnetic fields in the quiet Sun through the investigation of the scaling properties of magnetic field fluctuations.
Methods. To this end, we applied the structure functions analysis, which is typically used in the study of complex systems (e.g. in approaching turbulence). In particular, we evaluated the so-called Hölder-Hurst exponent, which points out the persistent nature of magnetic field fluctuations in the field of view targeted at a whole supergranule in the disc centre.
Results. We present the first map of a solar network quiet region as represented by the Hölder-Hurst exponent. The supergranular boundary is characterised by persistent magnetic field fluctuations, which indicate the occurrence of longer-memory processes. On the contrary, the regions inside the supergranule are characterised by antipersistent magnetic field fluctuations, which suggest the occurrence of physical processes with a short memory. Classical Kolmogorov homogeneous and isotropic turbulence, for instance, belongs to this class of processes. The obtained results are discussed in the context of the current literature.
Key words: Sun: photosphere / Sun: magnetic fields
© ESO 2022
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.