Volume 569, September 2014
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||02 October 2014|
Pair separation of magnetic elements in the quiet Sun
1 Dipartimento di FisicaUniversità di Roma Tor Vergata and INFN, via della Ricerca Scientifica, 1, 00133 Rome, Italy
2 Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (CSIC), Apdo. de Correos 3004, 18080 Granada, Spain
3 Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, 38205 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
Received: 11 June 2014
Accepted: 14 August 2014
The dynamic properties of the quiet Sun photosphere can be investigated by analyzing the pair dispersion of small-scale magnetic fields (i.e., magnetic elements). By using 25 h-long Hinode magnetograms at high spatial resolution (), we tracked 68 490 magnetic element pairs within a supergranular cell near the disk center. The computed pair separation spectrum, calculated on the whole set of particle pairs independently of their initial separation, points out what is known as a super-diffusive regime with spectral index γ = 1.55 ± 0.05, in agreement with the most recent literature, but extended to unprecedented spatial and temporal scales (from granular to supergranular). Furthermore, for the first time, we investigated here the spectrum of the mean square displacement of pairs of magnetic elements, depending on their initial separation r0. We found that there is a typical initial distance above (below) which the pair separation is faster (slower) than the average. A possible physical interpretation of such a typical spatial scale is also provided.
Key words: Sun: photosphere / Sun: magnetic fields / Sun: granulation
© ESO, 2014
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