Volume 657, January 2022
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Letters to the Editor|
|Published online||10 January 2022|
Letter to the Editor
New insights into the criterion of fast radio burst in the light of FRB 20121102A
School of Astronomy and Space Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, PR China
2 Key Laboratory of Modern Astronomy and Astrophysics (Nanjing University), Ministry of Education, PR China
3 Department of Astronomy, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, PR China
Accepted: 22 December 2021
The total number of observed fast radio burst (FRB) events is rising rapidly thanks to the improvement of existing radio telescopes and the delivery of new facilities. In particular, the Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical radio Telescope Collaboration recently reported more than one thousand bursts in a short observing period of 47 days. The striking bimodal distribution in their work motivated us to revisit the definition of FRBs. In this work, we ascribe the bimodal distribution to two physical kinds of radio bursts that may exhibit different radiation mechanisms. We propose using brightness temperature to separate two subtypes. For FRB 20121102A, the critical brightness temperature is TB, cri ≃ 1033 K. Bursts with TB ≥ TB, cri are denoted as “classical” FRBs and we find a tight pulse width-fluence relation (T ∝ ℱν0.306) for them. On the contrary, the other bursts are considered as “atypical” bursts that may have originated from a different type of physical process. We suggest that for each FRB event, a similar dividing line should exist but that the TB, cri is not necessarily the same in such cases. Its exact value depends on the FRB radiation mechanism and the properties of the source.
Key words: methods: statistical / radiation mechanisms: non-thermal
© ESO 2022
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