Volume 657, January 2022
|Number of page(s)||16|
|Section||Galactic structure, stellar clusters and populations|
|Published online||12 January 2022|
FSR 1776: A new globular cluster in the Galactic bulge?
Instituto de Alta Investigación, Universidad de Tarapacá, Casilla 7D, Arica, Chile
2 Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Observatorio Astronómico de Córdoba, Laprida 854, 5000 Córdoba, Argentina
3 Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Godoy Cruz 2290, Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina
4 Departamento de Ciencias Físicas, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Universidad Andrés Bello, Av. Fernández Concha 700, Las Condes, Santiago, Chile
5 Vatican Observatory, V00120 Vatican City State, Italy
6 Instituto de Astronomía, Universidad Católica del Norte, Av. Angamos 0610, Antofagasta, Chile
7 Centro de Astronomía (CITEVA), Universidad de Antofagasta, Av. Angamos 601, Antofagasta, Chile
8 Millennium Institute of Astrophysics, Nuncio Monseñor Sotero Sanz 100, Of. 104, Providencia, Santiago, Chile
9 Universidade de São Paulo, IAG, Rua do Matão 1226, Cidade Universitária, São Paulo 05508-900, Brazil
10 Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Trindade, 88040-900 Florianápolis, SC, Brazil
Accepted: 1 October 2021
Context. Recent near-IR surveys have uncovered a plethora of new globular cluster (GC) candidates towards the Milky Way bulge. These new candidates need to be confirmed as real GCs and properly characterised.
Aims. We investigate the physical nature of FSR 1776, a very interesting star cluster projected towards the Galactic bulge. This object was originally classified as an intermediate-age open cluster, and has recently been re-discovered independently and classified as a GC candidate (Minni 23). Firstly, our aim is to confirm its GC nature; secondly, we determine its physical parameters.
Methods. The confirmation of the cluster existence is checked using the radial velocity (RV) distribution of a MUSE data cube centred at FSR 1776. The cluster parameters are derived from isochrone fitting to the RV-cleaned colour-magnitude diagrams (CMDs) from visible and near-IR photometry taken from VVV, 2MASS, DECAPS, and Gaia all together.
Results. The predicted RV distribution for the FSR 1776 coordinates, considering only contributions from the bulge and disc field stars, is not enough to explain the observed MUSE RV distribution. The extra population (12% of the sample) is FSR 1776 with an average RV of −103.7 ± 0.4 km s−1. The CMDs reveal that it is 10 ± 1 Gyr metal-rich population with [Fe/H]phot ≈ +0.2 ± 0.2, [Fe/H]spec = +0.02 ± 0.01(σ = 0.14 dex), located at the bulge distance of 7.24 ± 0.5 kpc with AV ≈ 1.1 mag. The mean cluster proper motions are (⟨μα⟩,⟨μδ⟩) = (−2.3 ± 1.1, −2.6 ± 0.8) mas yr−1.
Conclusions. FSR 1776 is an old GC located in the Galactic bulge with a super-solar metallicity, among the highest for a Galactic GC. This is consistent with predictions for the age–metallicity relation of the bulge, being FSR 1776 the probable missing link between typical GCs and the metal-rich bulge field. High-resolution spectroscopy of a larger field of view and deeper CMDs are now required for a full characterisation.
Key words: Galaxy: bulge / Galaxy: stellar content / globular clusters: individual: FSR 1776
© ESO 2022
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