Volume 656, December 2021
|Number of page(s)||26|
|Section||Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)|
|Published online||15 December 2021|
The Cosmic Large-Scale Structure in X-rays (CLASSIX) Cluster Survey
IV. Superclusters in the local Universe at z ≤ 0.03⋆
Universitäts-Sternwarte München, Fakultät für Physik, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Scheinerstr. 1, 81679 München, Germany
2 Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik, 85748 Garching, Germany
Accepted: 7 October 2021
It is important to map the large-scale matter distribution in the local Universe for cosmological studies, such as the tracing of the large-scale peculiar velocity flow, the characterisation of the environment for different astronomical objects, and for precision measurements of cosmological parameters. We used X-ray luminous clusters to map this matter distribution and find that about 51% of the groups and clusters are members of superclusters which occupy only a few percent of the volume. In this paper we provide a detailed description of these large-scale structures. With a friends-to-friends algorithm, we find eight superclusters with a cluster overdensity ratio of at least two with five or more galaxy group and cluster members in the cosmic volume out to z = 0.03. The four most prominent ones are the Perseus-Pisces, the Centaurus, the Coma, and the Hercules supercluster, with lengths from about 40 to over 100 Mpc and estimated masses of 0.6 − 2.2 × 1016 M⊙. The largest of these structures is the Perseus-Pisces supercluster. The four smaller superclusters include the Local and the Abell 400 supercluster and two superclusters in the constellations Sagittarius and Lacerta. We provide detailed maps, member catalogues, and physical descriptions of the eight superclusters. By constructing superclusters with a range of cluster sub-samples with different lower X-ray luminosity limits, we show that the main structures are always reliably recovered.
Key words: galaxies: clusters: general / cosmology: observations / large-scale structure of Universe / X-rays: galaxies: clusters
© H. Böhringer and G. Chon 2021
Open Access article, published by EDP Sciences, under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Open Access funding provided by Max Planck Society.
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