Volume 655, November 2021
|Number of page(s)||53|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||19 November 2021|
Detection of non-linear resonances among gravity modes of slowly pulsating B stars: Results from five iterative pre-whitening strategies
Institute of Astronomy, KU Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200D, 3001 Leuven, Belgium
2 Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106, USA
3 Reference Systems and Planetology, Royal Observatory of Belgium, Brussels, Belgium
4 Dept. of Astrophysics, IMAPP, Radboud University Nijmegen, 6500 GL Nijmegen, The Netherlands
5 Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Koenigstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
Accepted: 5 August 2021
Context. Slowly pulsating B (SPB) stars are main-sequence multi-periodic oscillators that display non-radial gravity modes. For a fraction of these pulsators, 4-year photometric light curves obtained with the Kepler space telescope reveal period spacing patterns from which their internal rotation and mixing can be inferred. In this inference, any direct resonant mode coupling is usually ignored.
Aims. We re-analyse the light curves of a sample of 38 known Kepler SPB stars. For 26 of them, the internal structure, including rotation and mixing, was recently inferred from their dipole prograde oscillation modes. Our aim is to detect direct non-linear resonant mode coupling among the largest-amplitude gravity modes.
Methods. We extract up to 200 periodic signals per star with five different iterative pre-whitening strategies based on linear and non-linear regression applied to the light curves. We then identify candidate coupled gravity modes by verifying whether they fulfil resonant phase relations.
Results. For 32 of the 38 SPB stars we find at least one candidate resonance that is detected in both the linear and the best non-linear regression model fit to the light curve and involves at least one of the two largest-amplitude modes.
Conclusions. The majority of the Kepler SPB stars reveal direct non-linear resonances based on the largest-amplitude modes. These stars are thus prime targets for the non-linear asteroseismic modelling of intermediate-mass dwarfs to assess the importance of mode couplings in probing their internal physics.
Key words: asteroseismology / stars: oscillations / stars: early-type / stars: variables: general / stars: rotation / methods: data analysis
© ESO 2021
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.