Volume 655, November 2021
|Number of page(s)||16|
|Section||Celestial mechanics and astrometry|
|Published online||25 November 2021|
Laplace-like resonances with tidal effects
Department of Mathematics, University of Roma Tor Vergata,
Via della Ricerca Scientifica 1,
e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com
2 Department of Physics, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece
3 Department of Physics, University of Roma Tor Vergata, Via della Ricerca Scientifica 1, 00133 Roma, Italy
Accepted: 12 August 2021
The first three Galilean satellites of Jupiter, Io, Europa, and Ganymede, move in a dynamical configuration known as the Laplace resonance, which is characterized by a 2:1 ratio of the rates of variation in the mean longitudes of Io-Europa and a 2:1 ratio of Europa-Ganymede. We refer to this configuration as a 2:1&2:1 resonance. We generalize the Laplace resonance among three satellites, S1, S2, and S3, by considering different ratios of the mean-longitude variations. These resonances, which we call Laplace-like, are classified as first order in the cases of the 2:1&2:1, 3:2&3:2, and 2:1&3:2 resonances, second order in the case of the 3:1&3:1 resonance, and mixed order in the case of the 2:1&3:1 resonance. We consider a model that includes the gravitational interaction with the central body together with the effect due to its oblateness, the mutual gravitational influence of the satellites S1, S2, and S3 and the secular gravitational effect of a fourth satellite S4, which plays the role of Callisto in the Galilean system. In addition, we consider the dissipative effect due to the tidal torque between the inner satellite and the central body. We investigate these Laplace-like resonances by studying different aspects: (i) we study the survival of the resonances when the dissipation is included, taking two different expressions for the dissipative effect in the case of a fast- or a slowly rotating central body, (ii) we investigate the behavior of the Laplace-like resonances when some parameters are varied, specifically, the oblateness coefficient, the semimajor axes, and the eccentricities of the satellites, (iii) we analyze the linear stability of first-order resonances for different values of the parameters, and (iv) we also include the full gravitational interaction with S4 to analyze its possible capture into resonance. The results show a marked difference between first-, second-, and mixed-order resonances, which might find applications when the evolutionary history of the satellites in the Solar System are studied, and also in possible actual configurations of extrasolar planetary systems.
Key words: celestial mechanics / planets and satellites: dynamical evolution and stability / methods: numerical
© ESO 2021
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