Volume 654, October 2021
|Number of page(s)||13|
|Section||Catalogs and data|
|Published online||22 October 2021|
Molecular cloud catalogue from 13CO (1–0) data of the Forgotten Quadrant Survey⋆
INAF – Istituto di Astrofisica e Planetologia Spaziali, via Fosso del Cavaliere 100, 00133 Roma Italy
2 INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo E. Fermi 5, 50125 Firenze, Italy
3 Center for Interdisciplinary Exploration and Research in Astrophysics and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
4 Departamento de Astronomía, Universidad de Chile, Casilla 36-D, Santiago, Chile
5 INAF – Istituto di Radioastronomia & Italian ALMA Regional Centre, via P. Gobetti 101, 40129 Bologna, Italy
6 ESO/European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Strasse 2, 85748 Garching bei München, Germany
Accepted: 16 August 2021
Context. New-generation spectroscopic surveys of the Milky Way plane have been revealing the structure of the interstellar medium, allowing the simultaneous study of dense structures from single star-forming objects or systems to entire spiral arms.
Aims. The good sensitivity of the new surveys and the development of dedicated algorithms now enable building extensive catalogues of molecular clouds and deriving good estimates of their physical properties. This allows studying the behaviour of these properties across the Galaxy.
Methods. We present the catalogue of molecular clouds extracted from the 13CO (1–0) data cubes of the Forgotten Quadrant Survey, which mapped the Galactic plane in the range 220° < l < 240° and −2.° 5 < b < 0° in 12CO (1–0) and 13CO (1–0). We compared the properties of the clouds of our catalogue with those of other catalogues.
Results. The catalogue contains 87 molecular clouds for which the main physical parameters such as area, mass, distance, velocity dispersion, and virial parameter were derived. These structures are overall less extended and less massive than the molecular clouds identified in the 12CO (1–0) data-set because they trace the brightest and densest part of the 12CO (1–0) clouds. Conversely, the distribution of aspect ratio, equivalent spherical radius, velocity dispersion, and virial parameter in the two catalogues are similar. The mean value of the mass surface density of molecular clouds is 87 ± 55 M⊙ pc−2 and is almost constant across the galactocentric radius, indicating that this parameter, which is a proxy of star formation, is mostly affected by local conditions.
Conclusions. In data of the Forgotten Quadrant Survey, we find a good agreement between the total mass and velocity dispersion of the clouds derived from 12CO (1–0) and 13CO (1–0). This is likely because in the surveyed portion of the Galactic plane, the H2 column density is not particularly high, leading to a CO emission with a not very high optical depth. This mitigates the effects of the different line opacities between the two tracers on the derived physical parameters. This is a common feature in the outer Galaxy, but our result cannot be readily generalised to the entire Milky Way because regions with higher particle density could show a different behaviour.
Key words: ISM: clouds / ISM: structure / ISM: kinematics and dynamics
Full Table A.1 is only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (184.108.40.206) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/cat/J/A+A/654/A144
© ESO 2021
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