Volume 654, October 2021
|Number of page(s)||32|
|Published online||20 October 2021|
Ultra diffuse galaxies in the MATLAS low-to-moderate density fields⋆
Institut für Astro- und Teilchenphysik, Universität Innsbruck, Technikerstraße 25/8, Innsbruck 6020, Austria
2 Observatoire Astronomique de Strasbourg (ObAS), Universite de Strasbourg – CNRS, UMR 7550, Strasbourg, France
3 Department of Astronomy, Yonsei University, 50 Yonsei-ro Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 03722, Republic of Korea
4 Youngstown State University, One University Plaza, Youngstown, OH 44555, USA
5 UK Astronomy Technology Centre, Royal Observatory, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, UK
6 Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, PO Box 9513 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands
7 Instituto de Astrofísica e Ciências do Espaço, Universidade do Porto, CAUP, Rua das Estrelas, 4150-762 Porto, Portugal
8 Departamento de Física e Astronomia, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade do Porto, Rua do Campo Alegre 687, 4169-007 Porto, Portugal
9 Nicolaus Copernicus Astronomical Center, Polish Academy of Sciences, Bartycka 18, 00-716 Warsaw, Poland
10 Univ. Lyon, ENS de Lyon, Univ. Lyon 1, CNRS, Centre de Recherche Astrophysique de Lyon, UMR5574, 69007 Lyon, France
Accepted: 14 September 2021
Recent advances in deep dedicated imaging surveys over the past decade have uncovered a surprisingly large number of extremely faint low surface brightness galaxies with large physical sizes called ultra diffuse galaxies (UDGs) in clusters and, more recently, in lower density environments. As part of the Mass Assembly of early-Type GaLAxies with their fine Structures (MATLAS) survey, a deep imaging large program at the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope (CFHT), our team has identified 2210 dwarf galaxies, 59 (∼3%) of which qualify as UDGs. Averaging over the survey area, we find ∼0.4 UDG per square degree. They are found in a range of low to moderate density environments, although 61% of the sample fall within the virial radii of groups. Based on a detailed analysis of their photometric and structural properties, we find that the MATLAS UDGs do not show significant differences from the traditional dwarfs, except from the predefined size and surface brightness cut. Their median color is as red as the one measured in galaxy clusters, albeit with a narrower color range. The majority of the UDGs are visually classified as dwarf ellipticals with log stellar masses of ∼6.5 − 8.7. The fraction of nucleated UDGs (∼34%) is roughly the same as the nucleated fraction of the traditional dwarfs. Only five (∼8%) UDGs show signs of tidal disruption and only two are tidal dwarf galaxy candidates. A study of globular cluster (GC) candidates selected in the CFHT images finds no evidence of a higher GC specific frequency SN for UDGs than for classical dwarfs, contrary to what is found in most clusters. The UDG halo-to-stellar mass ratio distribution, as estimated from the GC counts, peaks at roughly the same value as for the traditional dwarfs, but spans the smaller range of ∼10 − 2000. We interpret these results to mean that the large majority of the field-to-group UDGs do not have a different formation scenario than traditional dwarfs.
Key words: Galaxy: general / galaxies: formation / galaxies: dwarf / galaxies: fundamental parameters / galaxies: nuclei / galaxies: star clusters: general
Data are also available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (188.8.131.52) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/cat/J/A+A/654/A105
© ESO 2021
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