Volume 653, September 2021
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Letters to the Editor|
|Published online||20 September 2021|
Letter to the Editor
A stellar census in globular clusters with MUSE
Institute for Astrophysics, Georg-August-University, Friedrich-Hund-Platz 1, 37077 Göttingen, Germany
2 Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
3 Astrophysics Research Institute, Liverpool John Moores University, 146 Brownlow Hill, Liverpool L3 5RF, UK
4 Instituto de Astrofísica e Ciências do Espaço, Universidade do Porto, CAUP, Rua das Estrelas, 4150-762 Porto, Portugal
5 Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, PO Box 9513 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands
Accepted: 3 September 2021
Context. ω Cen is a rare example of a globular cluster where the iron abundance of the stars spans more than one order of magnitude. Many spectroscopic investigations of its red-giant and sub-giant branches have revealed multiple peaks in the iron abundance distribution. The metallicity distribution of main sequence (MS) stars is not well characterized yet due to the faintness of the stars and lack of data. So far, almost all studies of MS stars have been based on photometric measurements.
Aims. Our goal is to investigate the metallicity distribution of a statistically significant sample of MS stars in ω Cen. In particular, we aim to revisit the metallicity difference between the red and blue MS of the cluster.
Methods. We used MUSE spectra obtained for the central region of ω Cen to derive metallicities for ≈4200 MS stars.
Results. We find that blue MS stars are, on average, ≈0.1 dex more metal-rich than their red counterparts. On the basis of this new estimate, we find that the two sequences can be fit on the Hubble Space Telescope color-magnitude diagram with two isochrones having the same global metallicity and age, but a higher helium abundance for the blue MS, that is ΔY ≲ 0.1. Furthermore, we determined the average metallicity of the five main populations along ω Cen MS and these estimates are consistent with expectations from previous photometric studies.
Key words: globular clusters: individual: NGC 5139 / stars: abundances / techniques: spectroscopic
Table B.1 is only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (184.108.40.206) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/cat/J/A+A/653/L8
Based on observations collected at the European Organisation for Astronomical Research in the Southern Hemisphere, Chile (Program IDs 094.D-0142(B), 095.D-0629(A), 096.D-0175(A), 097.D-0295(A), 098.D-0148(A), 099.D-0019(A), 0100.D-0161(A), 0101.D-0268(A), 0102.D-0270(A), 0103.D-0204(A), and 0104.D-0257(B)).
© ESO 2021
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