Volume 652, August 2021
|Number of page(s)||11|
|Published online||13 August 2021|
New constraints on the magnetic field in cosmic web filaments⋆
Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Universitá di Bologna, Via Gobetti 93/2, 40122 Bologna, Italy
2 Istituto di Radioastronomia, INAF, Via Gobetti 101, 40122 Bologna, Italy
3 Max-Planck-Institut für Extraterrestrische Physik (MPE), Giessenbachstrasse 1, 85748 Garching bei München, Germany
4 Hamburger Sternwarte, University of Hamburg, Gojenbergsweg 112, 21029 Hamburg, Germany
5 Department of Physics and Electronics, Rhodes University, PO Box 94 Grahamstown 6140, South Africa
6 South African Radio Astronomy Observatory, Black River Park, 2 Fir Street, Observatory, Cape Town 7925, South Africa
7 Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, PO Box 9513 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands
8 ASTRON, The Netherlands Institute for Radio Astronomy, Postbus 2, 7990 AA Dwingeloo, The Netherlands
Accepted: 15 May 2021
Strong accretion shocks are expected to illuminate the warm–hot intergalactic medium encompassed by the filaments of the cosmic web, through synchrotron radio emission. Given their high sensitivity, large low-frequency radio facilities may already be able to detect signatures of this extended radio emission from the region between two close and massive galaxy clusters. In this work we exploit the non-detection of such diffuse emission by deep observations of two pairs of relatively close (≃10 Mpc) and massive (M500 ≥ 1014 M⊙) galaxy clusters using the LOw-Frequency ARray. By combining the results from the two putative inter-cluster filaments, we derive new independent constraints on the median strength of intergalactic magnetic fields: B10 Mpc < 2.5 × 102 nG (95% confidence level). Based on cosmological simulations and assuming a primordial origin of the B-fields, these estimates can be used to limit the amplitude of primordial seed magnetic fields: B0 ≤ 10 nG. We recommend the observation of similar cluster pairs as a powerful tool to set tight constraints on the amplitude of extragalactic magnetic fields.
Key words: magnetic fields / acceleration of particles / galaxies: clusters: general
The code used to produce the simulations discussed in this paper is public (https://enzo-project.org). Significant subsets of the simulations are publicly available at https://cosmosimfrazza.myfreesites.net/the_magnetic_cosmic_web, while larger data sets can be shared upon request.
© ESO 2021
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