Volume 652, August 2021
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||The Sun and the Heliosphere|
|Published online||13 August 2021|
Spatial variation in the periods of ion and neutral waves in a solar magnetic arcade
Center for Mathematical Plasma Astrophysics, Department of Mathematics, KU Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200B, 3001 Leuven, Belgium
2 Institute of Physics, University of Maria Curie-Skłodowska, Pl. Marii Curie-Skłodowskiej 5, 20-031 Lublin, Poland
3 Department of Physics, University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, TX 76019, USA
4 Leibniz-Institut für Sonnenphysik (KIS), Schöneckstr. 6, 79104 Freiburg, Germany
Accepted: 10 May 2021
Context. We present new insight into the propagation of ion magnetoacoustic and neutral acoustic waves in a magnetic arcade in the lower solar atmosphere.
Aims. By means of numerical simulations, we (a) study two-fluid waves propagating in a magnetic arcade embedded in the partially ionised, lower solar atmosphere and (b) investigate the effect of the background magnetic field configuration on the observed wave-periods.
Methods. We considered a 2D approximation of the gravitationally stratified and partially ionised lower solar atmosphere consisting of ion plus electron and neutral fluids that are coupled by ion-neutral collisions. In this model, the convection below the photosphere causes the excitation of ion magnetoacoustic-gravity and neutral acoustic-gravity waves.
Results. We find that in the solar photosphere, where ions and neutrals are strongly coupled by collisions, ion magnetoacoustic-gravity and neutral acoustic-gravity waves have periods ranging from 250 s to 350 s. In the chromosphere, where the collisional coupling is weak, the wave characteristics strongly depend on the magnetic field configuration. Above the footpoints of the considered arcade, the plasma is dominated by a vertical magnetic field along which ion magnetoacoustic-gravity waves propagate. These waves exhibit a broad range of periods, and the most prominent periods are 180 s, 220 s, and 300 s. Above the main loop of the solar arcade, where mostly horizontal magnetic field lines guide ion magnetoacoustic-gravity waves, the main spectral power reduces to the period of about 180 s, and no longer wave-periods exist.
Conclusions. In photospheric regions, ongoing solar granulation excites a broad spectrum of wave-periods that undergoes complex interactions: mode-coupling, refractions through the inhomogeneous atmosphere, real physical absorption, and conversion of wave power. We found that, in addition, the magnetic arcade configuration with a partially ionised plasma drastically changes the image of wave-periods observed in the upper layers of the chromosphere and corona. Our results agree with recent observational data.
Key words: Sun: activity / Sun: chromosphere / Sun: transition region / methods: numerical
© ESO 2021
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