Volume 649, May 2021
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Letters to the Editor|
|Published online||01 June 2021|
Letter to the Editor
A new approach for the statistical denoising of Planck interstellar dust polarization data⋆
Laboratoire de Physique de l’École Normale Supérieure, ENS, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, Université de Paris, 75005 Paris, France
2 Observatoire de Paris, PSL University, Sorbonne Université, LERMA, 75014 Paris, France
3 Department of Physics & Astronomy, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
Accepted: 13 May 2021
Dust emission is the main foreground for cosmic microwave background polarization. Its statistical characterization must be derived from the analysis of observational data because the precision required for a reliable component separation is far greater than what is currently achievable with physical models of the turbulent magnetized interstellar medium. This Letter takes a significant step toward this goal by proposing a method that retrieves non-Gaussian statistical characteristics of dust emission from noisy Planck polarization observations at 353 GHz. We devised a statistical denoising method based on wavelet phase harmonics (WPH) statistics, which characterize the coherent structures in non-Gaussian random fields and define a generative model of the data. The method was validated on mock data combining a dust map from a magnetohydrodynamic simulation and Planck noise maps. The denoised map reproduces the true power spectrum down to scales where the noise power is an order of magnitude larger than that of the signal. It remains highly correlated to the true emission and retrieves some of its non-Gaussian properties. Applied to Planck data, the method provides a new approach to building a generative model of dust polarization that will characterize the full complexity of the dust emission. We also release PyWPH, a public Python package, to perform GPU-accelerated WPH analyses on images.
Key words: dust, extinction / polarization / methods: statistical / cosmic background radiation
The public Python package PyWPH is available at https://github.com/bregaldo/pywph.
© B. Regaldo-Saint Blancard et al. 2021
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