Volume 648, April 2021
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Section||The Sun and the Heliosphere|
|Published online||07 April 2021|
IRIS observations of chromospheric heating by acoustic waves in solar quiet and active regions
Astronomical Institute of the Czech Academy of Sciences (v.v.i.), Fričova 298, 25165 Ondřejov, Czech Republic
e-mail: email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org
2 Astronomical Institute of Charles University, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, V Holešovičkách 2, 180 00 Praha 8, Czech Republic
Accepted: 10 February 2021
Aims. To study the heating of solar chromospheric magnetic and nonmagnetic regions by acoustic and magnetoacoustic waves, the deposited acoustic-energy flux derived from observations of strong chromospheric lines is compared with the total integrated radiative losses.
Methods. A set of 23 quiet-Sun and weak-plage regions were observed in the Mg II k and h lines with the Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS). The deposited acoustic-energy flux was derived from Doppler velocities observed at two different geometrical heights corresponding to the middle and upper chromosphere. A set of scaled nonlocal thermodynamic equilibrium 1D hydrostatic semi-empirical models – obtained by fitting synthetic to observed line profiles – was applied to compute the radiative losses. The characteristics of observed waves were studied by means of a wavelet analysis.
Results. Observed waves propagate upward at supersonic speed. In the quiet chromosphere, the deposited acoustic flux is sufficient to balance the radiative losses and maintain the semi-empirical temperatures in the layers under study. In the active-region chromosphere, the comparison shows that the contribution of acoustic-energy flux to the radiative losses is only 10−30%.
Conclusions. Acoustic and magnetoacoustic waves play an important role in the chromospheric heating, depositing a main part of their energy in the chromosphere. Acoustic waves compensate for a substantial fraction of the chromospheric radiative losses in quiet regions. In active regions, their contribution is too small to balance the radiative losses and the chromosphere has to be heated by other mechanisms.
Key words: Sun: chromosphere / Sun: oscillations / radiative transfer
© ESO 2021
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