Volume 648, April 2021
|Number of page(s)||18|
|Section||Galactic structure, stellar clusters and populations|
|Published online||07 April 2021|
Infrared photometry and CaT spectroscopy of globular cluster M 28 (NGC 6626)⋆
Instituto de Astronomía, Universidad Católica del Norte, Av. Angamos 0610, Antofagasta, Chile
2 Millennium Institute of Astrophysics, Av. Vicuña Mackenna 4860, 782-0436 Macul, Santiago, Chile
3 Instituto de Astrofísica, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Av. Vicuña Mackenna 4860, 782-0436 Macul, Santiago, Chile
4 Instituto de Física-FCEN, Universidad de Antioquia, Calle 70 No. 52-21, Medellin, Colombia
5 Departamento de Astronomía, Universidad de Concepción, Casilla 160-C, Concepción, Chile
6 Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Universitá di Padova, Vicolo Osservatorio 3, 35122 Padova, Italy
7 Instituto de Física y Astronomía, Universidad de Valparaíso, Av. Gran Bretaña 1111, Playa Ancha, Casilla 5030, Chile
8 Gemini Observatory/NSF’s NOIRLab, 670 N. A‘ohoku Place, Hilo, HI 96720, USA
9 Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
10 Instituto de Investigación Multidisciplinario en Ciencia y Tecnología, Universidad de La Serena, Avenida Raúl Bitrán s/n, La Serena, Chile
11 Departamento de Física y Astronomía, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de La Serena, Av. Juan Cisternas 1200, La Serena, Chile
12 Departamento de Física, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Universidad Andres Bello, Av. Fernandez Concha 700, Las Condes, Santiago, Chile
13 Vatican Observatory, 00120 Vatican City State, Italy
Accepted: 19 January 2021
Context. Recent studies show that the inner Galactic regions host genuine bulge globular clusters, but also halo intruders, complex remnants of primordial building blocks, and objects likely accreted during major merging events.
Aims. In this study we focus on the properties of M 28, a very old and massive cluster currently located in the Galactic bulge.
Methods. We analysed wide-field infrared photometry collected by the VVV survey, VVV proper motions, and intermediate-resolution spectra in the calcium triplet range for 113 targets in the cluster area.
Results. Our results in general confirm previous estimates of the cluster properties available in the literature. We find no evidence of differences in metallicity between cluster stars, setting an upper limit of Δ[Fe/H] < 0.08 dex to any internal inhomogeneity. We confirm that M 28 is one of the oldest objects in the Galactic bulge (13–14 Gyr). From this result and the literature data, we find evidence of a weak age–metallicity relation among bulge globular clusters that suggests formation and chemical enrichment. In addition, wide-field density maps show that M 28 is tidally stressed and that it is losing mass into the general bulge field.
Conclusions. Our study indicates that M 28 is a genuine bulge globular cluster, but its very old age and its mass loss suggest that this cluster could be the remnant of a larger structure, possibly a primeval bulge building block.
Key words: Galaxy: bulge / globular clusters: individual: M28 / globular clusters: general
© ESO 2021
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