Volume 647, March 2021
|Number of page(s)||11|
|Section||Letters to the Editor|
|Published online||10 March 2021|
Letter to the Editor
Discovery of CH2CHCCH and detection of HCCN, HC4N, CH3CH2CN, and, tentatively, CH3CH2CCH in TMC-1⋆
Grupo de Astrofísica Molecular, Instituto de Física Fundamental (IFF-CSIC), C/ Serrano 121, 28006 Madrid, Spain
2 Centro de Desarrollos Tecnológicos, Observatorio de Yebes (IGN), 19141 Yebes, Guadalajara, Spain
3 Observatorio Astronómico Nacional (IGN), C/ Alfonso XII, 3, 28014 Madrid, Spain
Accepted: 15 February 2021
We present the discovery in TMC-1 of vinyl acetylene, CH2CHCCH, and the detection, for the first time in a cold dark cloud, of HCCN, HC4N, and CH3CH2CN. A tentative detection of CH3CH2CCH is also reported. The column density of vinyl acetylene is (1.2 ± 0.2) × 1013 cm−2, which makes it one of the most abundant closed-shell hydrocarbons detected in TMC-1. Its abundance is only three times lower than that of propylene, CH3CHCH2. The column densities derived for HCCN and HC4N are (4.4 ± 04) × 1011 cm−2 and (3.7 ± 0.4) × 1011 cm−2, respectively. Hence, the HCCN/HC4N abundance ratio is 1.2 ± 0.3. For ethyl cyanide we derive a column density of (1.1 ± 0.3) × 1011 cm−2. These results are compared with a state-of-the-art chemical model of TMC-1, which is able to account for the observed abundances of these molecules through gas-phase chemical routes.
Key words: molecular data / line: identification / ISM: molecules / ISM: individual objects: TMC-1 / astrochemistry
© ESO 2021
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