Volume 647, March 2021
|Number of page(s)||12|
|Published online||02 April 2021|
Evidence of the Gaia–VLBI position differences being related to radio source structure
Aalto University Metsähovi Radio Observatory, Metsähovintie 114, 02540 Kylmälä, Finland
2 Aalto University Department of Electronics and Nanoengineering, PL15500, 00076 Aalto, Finland
3 DeutschesGeoForschungsZentrum (GFZ), Potsdam, Telegrafenberg, 14473 Potsdam, Germany
4 Institute of Geodesy and Geoinformation Science, Technische Universität Berlin, Straße des 17. Juni 135, 10623 Berlin, Germany
5 Finnish Geospatial Research Institute, Geodeetinrinne 2, 02430 Masala, Finland
Accepted: 27 January 2021
Context. We report the relationship between the Gaia–VLBI position differences and the magnitudes of source structure effects in VLBI observations.
Aims. Because the Gaia–VLBI position differences are statistically significant for a considerable number of common sources, we discuss and attempt to explain these position differences based on VLBI observations and available source images at centimeter wavelengths.
Methods. Based on the derived closure amplitude root mean square (CARMS), which quantifies the magnitudes of source structure effects in the VLBI observations used for building the third realization of the International Celestial Reference Frame, the arc lengths and normalized arc lengths of the position differences are examined in detail. The radio-jet directions and the directions of the Gaia–VLBI position differences are investigated for a small sample of sources.
Results. Both the arc lengths and normalized arc lengths of the Gaia and VLBI positions are found to increase with the CARMS values. The majority of the sources with statistically significant position differences are associated with the sources having extended structure. Radio source structure is the one of the major factors of these position differences, and it can be the dominant factor for a number of sources. The vectors of the Gaia and VLBI position differences are parallel to the radio-jet directions, which is confirmed via stronger evidence.
Key words: galaxies: active / galaxies: jets / astrometry / reference systems / radio continuum: galaxies
© ESO 2021
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