Volume 646, February 2021
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Letters to the Editor|
|Published online||04 February 2021|
Letter to the Editor
Space and laboratory discovery of HC3S+⋆
Grupo de Astrofísica Molecular, Instituto de Física Fundamental (IFF-CSIC), C/ Serrano 121, 28006 Madrid, Spain
2 Department of Applied Chemistry, Science Building II, National Chiao Tung University, 1001 Ta-Hsueh Rd., Hsinchu 30010, Taiwan
3 Observatorio Astronómico Nacional (IGN), C/ Alfonso XII, 3, 28014 Madrid, Spain
4 Centro de Desarrollos Tecnológicos, Observatorio de Yebes (IGN), 19141 Yebes, Guadalajara, Spain
Accepted: 9 January 2021
We report the detection in TMC-1 of the protonated form of C3S. The discovery of the cation HC3S+ was carried through the observation of four harmonically related lines in the Q band using the Yebes 40 m radiotelescope, and is supported by accurate ab initio calculations and laboratory measurements of its rotational spectrum. We derive a column density N(HC3S+) = (2.0 ± 0.5)×1011 cm−2, which translates to an abundance ratio C3S/HC3S+ of 65 ± 20. This ratio is comparable to the CS/HCS+ ratio (35 ± 8) and is a factor of about ten larger than the C3O/HC3O+ ratio previously found in the same source. However, the abundance ratio HC3O+/HC3S+ is 1.0 ± 0.5, while C3O/C3S is just ∼0.11. We also searched for protonated C2S in TMC-1, based on ab initio calculations of its spectroscopic parameters, and derive a 3σ upper limit of N(HC2S+) ≤ 9 × 1011 cm−2 and a C2S/HC2S+ ≥ 60. The observational results are compared with a state-of-the-art gas-phase chemical model and conclude that HC3S+ is mostly formed through several pathways: proton transfer to C3S, reaction of S+ with c-C3H2, and reaction between neutral atomic sulfur and the ion C3H3+.
Key words: astrochemistry / line: identification / ISM: molecules / ISM: individual objects: TMC-1 / molecular data
© ESO 2021
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