Volume 646, February 2021
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||The Sun and the Heliosphere|
|Published online||23 February 2021|
Spatial quasi-periodic variations of the plasma density and magnetic field in zebra radio sources
Astronomical Institute of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Fričova 298, 251 65 Ondřejov, Czech Republic
2 St.-Petersburg State University, St.-Petersburg 198504, Russia
3 St.-Petersburg branch of Special Astrophysical Observatory, 196140 St.-Petersburg, Russia
Accepted: 12 January 2021
Context. Radio bursts and their fine structures are an integral part of solar flares. Fine structures in particular are used for diagnostics of solar flare processes. The so-called zebras belong to the most important of such fine structures.
Aims. We analyze seven zebra events in order to search for spatial variations in the plasma density and magnetic field in zebra-stripe sources.
Methods. We used an improved method for estimating the gyroharmonic numbers of zebra-stripe frequencies. We compared observed zebra-stripe frequencies with those calculated in the zebra model. The differences in these frequencies vary and thus show spatial variations in the plasma density and magnetic field.
Results. In six out of seven analyzed zebras, we found a rather high correlation coefficient (about 0.7 and higher) between spatial variations in the density and magnetic field and a strictly periodic function. These density and magnetic field variations are explained by the torsional or sausage magnetoacoustic waves in the loop in which zebra-stripe sources are located. We present the wavelengths of these waves in dependence on the zebra frequency and estimate their periods.
Key words: Sun: flares / Sun: radio radiation / Sun: oscillations
© ESO 2021
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