Determination of plasma parameters in solar zebra radio sources
Astronomical Institute, Academy of Sciences of the Czech
2 Radiophysical Research Institute of St.-Petersburg State University, 198504 St.-Petersburg, Russia
Received: 19 June 2015
Accepted: 2 August 2015
Aims. We present a new method for determining the magnetic field strength and plasma density in the solar zebra radio sources.
Methods. Using the double plasma resonance (DPR) model of the zebra emission, we analytically derived the equations for computing the gyroharmonic number s of selected zebra lines and then solved these equations numerically.
Results. The method was successfully tested on artificially generated zebras and then applied to observed ones. The magnetic field strength and plasma density in the radio sources were determined. Simultaneously, we evaluated the parameter Lnb = 2Lb/ (2Ln − Lb), where Ln and Lb are the characteristic scale-heights of the plasma density and magnetic field strength in the zebra source, respectively. Computations show that the maximum frequency of the low-polarized zebras is about 8 GHz, in very good agreement with observations. For the high-polarized zebras, this limit is about four times lower. Microwave zebras are preferentially generated in the regions with steep gradients of the plasma density, such as in the transition region. In models with smaller density gradients, such as those with a barometric density profile, the microwave zebras cannot be produced owing to the strong bremsstrahlung and cyclotron absorptions. We also show that our DPR model is able to explain the zebras with frequency-equidistant zebra lines.
Key words: Sun: flares / Sun: radio radiation
© ESO, 2015