Volume 646, February 2021
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||23 February 2021|
Detection of H2O and OH+ in z > 3 hot dust-obscured galaxies⋆
Department of Space, Earth and Environment, Chalmers University of Technology, Onsala Space Observatory, 439 92 Onsala, Sweden
2 CAS Key Laboratory for Research in Galaxies and Cosmology, Department of Astronomy, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, PR China
3 School of Astronomy and Space Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026, PR China
4 Joint ALMA Observatory (JAO) Alonso de Córdova 3107, Santiago, Chile
5 European Southern Observatory, Alonso de Córdova 3107, Casilla 19001, Vitacura, Santiago, Chile
Accepted: 17 November 2020
Aims. In this paper we present the detection of H2O and OH+ emission in z > 3 hot dust-obscured galaxies (Hot DOGs).
Methods. Using ALMA Band-6 observations of two Hot DOGs, we detected H2O(202 − 111) in W0149+2350, and H2O(312 − 303) and the multiplet OH+(11 − 01) in W0410−0913. These detections were serendipitous, falling within the side-bands of Band-6 observations aimed to study CO(9−8) in these Hot DOGs.
Results. We find that both sources have luminous H2O emission with line luminosities of LH2O(202 − 111) > 2.2 × 108 L⊙ and LH2O(312 − 303) = 8.7 × 108 L⊙ for W0149+2350 and W0410−0913, respectively. The H2O line profiles are similar to those seen for the neighbouring CO(9–8) line, with line widths of full width at half maximum (FWHM) ∼800−1000 km s−1. However, the H2O emission seems to be more compact than the CO(9−8). OH+(11 − 01) is detected in emission for W0410−0913, with a FWHM = 1000 km s−1 and a line luminosity of LOH+(11 − 01) = 6.92 × 108 L⊙. The ratio of the observed H2O line luminosity over the IR luminosity, for both Hot DOGs, is consistent with previously observed star-forming galaxies and active galactic nuclei (AGN). The H2O/CO line ratio of both Hot DOGs and the OH+/H2O line ratio of W0410−0913 are comparable to those of luminous AGN found in the literature.
Conclusions. The bright H2O(202 − 111), and H2O(312 − 303) emission lines are likely due to the combined high star formation levels and luminous AGN in these sources. The presence of OH+ in emission, and the agreement of the observed line ratios of the Hot DOGs with luminous AGN in the literature, would suggest that the AGN emission is dominating the radiative output of these galaxies. However, follow-up multi-transition observations are needed to better constrain the properties of these systems.
Key words: galaxies: high-redshift / galaxies: ISM / galaxies: active / galaxies: evolution
The reduced spectra are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (184.108.40.206) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/cat/J/A+A/646/A178
© ESO 2021
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