Volume 645, January 2021
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||21 December 2020|
Broad-line region configuration of the supermassive binary black hole candidate PG1302-102 in the relativistic Doppler boosting scenario
CAS Key Laboratory for Computational Astrophysics, National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 20A Datun Road, Beijing 100101, PR China
2 School of Astronomy and Space Science, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 19A Yuquan Road, Beijing 100049, PR China
Accepted: 12 October 2020
PG1302-102 is thought to be a supermassive binary black hole (BBH) system according to the periodical variations of its optical and UV photometry, which may be interpreted as being due to the relativistic Doppler boosting of the emission mainly from the disk around the secondary black hole (BH) modulated by its orbital motion. In this paper, we investigate several broad emission lines of PG1302-102 using archived UV spectra obtained by IUE, GALEX, and Hubble, to reveal the broad-line region (BLR) emission properties of this BBH system under the Doppler boosting scenario. We find that the broad lines Lyα, N V, C IV, and C III] all show Gaussian profiles, and none of these lines exhibits obvious periodical variation. Adopting a simple model for the BLR, we perform Markov chain Monte Carlo fittings to these broad lines, and find that the BLR must be viewed at an orientation angle of ∼33°, close to face-on. If the Doppler boosting interpretation is correct, then the BLR is misaligned with the BBH orbital plane by an angle of ∼51°, which suggests that the Doppler boosted continuum variation has little effect on the broad-line emission and thus does not lead to periodical line variation. We further discuss the possible implications for such a BLR configuration with respect to the BBH orbital plane.
Key words: line: profiles / galaxies: active / quasars: individual: PG1302-102
© ESO 2020
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