Volume 644, December 2020
|Number of page(s)||29|
|Published online||02 December 2020|
Jiamusi pulsar observations
III. Nulling of 20 pulsars⋆
National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Jia-20 Datun Road, ChaoYang District, Beijing 100101, PR China
e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com
2 CAS Key Laboratory of FAST, NAOC, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, PR China
3 School of Astronomy, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, PR China
4 The State Key Laboratory of Astronautic Dynamics, Xi’an, Shaanxi 710043, PR China
5 Jiamusi Deep Space Station, China Xi’an Satellite Control Center, Jiamusi, Heilongjiang 154002, PR China
6 Qiannan Normal University for Nationalities, Duyun, Guizhou 558000, PR China
Accepted: 21 September 2020
Aims. Most pulsar nulling observations have been conducted at frequencies lower than 1400 MHz. We aim to understand the nulling behaviors of pulsars at relatively high frequencies, and to decipher whether or not nulling is caused by a global change in the pulsar magnetosphere.
Methods. We used the Jiamusi 66 m telescope to observe 20 bright pulsars at 2250 MHz with unprecedented lengths of time. We estimated the nulling fractions of these pulsars, and identified the null and emission states of the pulses. We also calculated the nulling degrees and scales of the emission-null pairs to describe the distributions of emission and null lengths.
Results. Three pulsars, PSRs J0248+6021, J0543+2329, and J1844+00, are found to null for the first time. The details of null-to-emission and emission-to-null transitions within the pulse window are observed for the first time for PSR J1509+5531, which is a low-probability event. A complete cycle of long nulls with timescales of hours is observed for PSR J1709−1640. For most of these pulsars, the K-S tests of nulling degrees and nulling scales reject the hypothesis that null and emission are caused by random processes at high significance levels. Emission-null sequences of some pulsars exhibit quasi-periodic, low-frequency or featureless modulations, which might be related to different origins. During transitions between emission and null states, pulse intensities have diverse tendencies for variation. Significant correlations are found between respectively nulling fraction, nulling cadence, and nulling scale and the energy loss rate of the pulsars. Combined with the nulling fractions reported in the literature for 146 nulling pulsars, we find that statistically large nulling fractions are more tightly related to pulsar period than to characteristic age or energy-loss rate.
Key words: pulsars: general
The pulse sequences of all pulsars are available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (126.96.36.199) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/cat/J/A+A/644/A73 and at http://zmtt.bao.ac.cn/psr-jms/
© ESO 2020
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