Volume 643, November 2020
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Letters to the Editor|
|Published online||03 November 2020|
Letter to the Editor
Changing-look active galactic nuclei: close binaries of supermassive black holes in action
Key Laboratory for Particle Astrophysics, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 19B Yuquan Road, Beijing 100049, PR China
2 School of Astronomy and Space Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 19A Yuquan Road, Beijing 100049, PR China
3 National Astronomical Observatories of China, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 20A Datun Road, Beijing 100020, PR China
4 Astronomical Observatory Belgrade, Volgina 7, 11060 Belgrade, Serbia
Accepted: 7 October 2020
Changing-look active galactic nuclei (CL-AGNs) as a new subpopulation challenge some fundamental physics of AGNs because the timescales of the phenomenon can hardly be reconciled with accretion disk models. In this Letter, we demonstrate the extreme case: close binaries of supermassive black holes (CB-SMBHs) with high eccentricities are able to trigger the CL transition through one orbit. In this scenario, binary black holes build up their own mini-disks by peeling gas off the inner edges of the circumbinary disk during the apastron phase, after which they tidally interact with the disks during the periastron phase to efficiently exchange angular momentum within one orbital period. For mini-disks rotating retrograde to the orbit, the tidal torque rapidly squeezes the tidal parts of the mini-disks into a much smaller radius, which rapidly results in higher accretion and short flares before the disks decline into type-2 AGNs. Prograde-rotation mini-disks gain angular momentum from the binary and rotate outward, which causes a rapid turn-off from type-1 to type-2. Turn-on occurs around the apastron phase. CB-SMBHs control cycle transitions between type-1 and type-2 with orbital periods but allow diverse properties in CL-AGN light curves.
Key words: galaxies: active / black hole physics / accretion, accretion disks / quasars: supermassive black holes
© ESO 2020
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