Volume 643, November 2020
|Number of page(s)||18|
|Section||Numerical methods and codes|
|Published online||20 November 2020|
More planetary candidates from K2 Campaign 5 using TRAN_K2⋆
Konkoly Observatory, Konkoly Thege ut. 15-17, Budapest 1121, Hungary
Accepted: 3 September 2020
Context. The exquisite precision of space-based photometric surveys and the unavoidable presence of instrumental systematics and intrinsic stellar variability call for the development of sophisticated methods that distinguish these signal components from those caused by planetary transits.
Aims. Here, we introduce the standalone Fortran code TRAN_K2 to search for planetary transits under the colored noise of stellar variability and instrumental effects. We use this code to perform a survey to uncover new candidates.
Methods. Stellar variability is represented by a Fourier series and, when necessary, by an autoregressive model aimed at avoiding excessive Gibbs overshoots at the edges. For the treatment of systematics, a cotrending and an external parameter decorrelation were employed by using cotrending stars with low stellar variability as well as the chip position and the background flux level at the target. The filtering was done within the framework of the standard weighted least squares, where the weights are determined iteratively, to allow a robust fit and to separate the transit signal from stellar variability and systematics. Once the periods of the transit components are determined from the filtered data by the box-fitting least squares method, we reconstruct the full signal and determine the transit parameters with a higher accuracy. This step greatly reduces the excessive attenuation of the transit depths and minimizes shape deformation.
Results. We tested the code on the field of Campaign 5 of the K2 mission. We detected 98% of the systems with all their candidate planets as previously reported by other authors. We then surveyed the whole field and discovered 15 new systems. An additional three planets were found in three multiplanetary systems, and two more planets were found in a previously known single-planet system.
Key words: methods: data analysis / planetary systems / planets and satellites: detection
© ESO 2020
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