Volume 642, October 2020
|Number of page(s)||16|
|Section||Planets and planetary systems|
|Published online||06 October 2020|
Early science with SPIRou: near-infrared radial velocity and spectropolarimetry of the planet-hosting star HD 189733★
Univ. de Toulouse, CNRS, IRAP,
14 avenue Belin,
2 Institut d’Astrophysique de Paris, UMR7095 CNRS, Université Pierre & Marie Curie, 98bis boulevard Arago, 75014 Paris, France
3 Université de Montréal, Département de Physique, IREX, Montréal, QC, H3C 3J7, Canada
4 Aix-Marseille Université, CNRS, CNES, LAM (Laboratoire d’Astrophysique de Marseille), Marseille, France
5 Observatoire de Genève, Université de Genève, 1290 Sauverny, Switzerland
6 Univ. Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, IPAG, 38000 Grenoble, France
7 Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope, CNRS, 96743 Kamuela, Hawaii, USA
8 Université de Montpellier, CNRS, LUPM, 34095 Montpellier, France
9 Laboratório Nacional de Astrofísica, Rua Estados Unidos 154, 37504-364 Itajubá - MG, Brazil
10 Observatoire de Haute Provence, St Michel l’Observatoire, France
Accepted: 29 June 2020
SPIRou is the newest spectropolarimeter and high-precision velocimeter that has recently been installed at the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope on Maunakea, Hawaii. It operates in the near-infrared and simultaneously covers the 0.98–2.35 μm domain at high spectral resolution. SPIRou is optimized for exoplanet search and characterization with the radial-velocity technique, and for polarization measurements in stellar lines and subsequent magnetic field studies. The host of the transiting hot Jupiter HD 189733 b has been observed during early science runs. We present the first near-infrared spectropolarimetric observations of the planet-hosting star as well as the stellar radial velocities as measured by SPIRou throughout the planetary orbit and two transit sequences. The planetary orbit and Rossiter-McLaughlin anomaly are both investigated and modeled. The orbital parameters and obliquity are all compatible with the values found in the optical. The obtained radial-velocity precision is compatible with about twice the photon-noise estimates for a K2 star under these conditions. The additional scatter around the orbit, of about 8 m s−1, agrees with previous results that showed that the activity-induced scatter is the dominant factor. We analyzed the polarimetric signal, Zeeman broadening, and chromospheric activity tracers such as the 1083nm HeI and the 1282nm Paβ lines to investigate stellar activity. First estimates of the average unsigned magnetic flux from the Zeeman broadening of the FeI lines give a magnetic flux of 290 ± 58 G, and the large-scale longitudinal field shows typical values of a few Gauss. These observations illustrate the potential of SPIRou for exoplanet characterization and magnetic and stellar activity studies.
Key words: planetary systems / stars: magnetic field / stars: activity / techniques: radial velocities / techniques: polarimetric / techniques: spectroscopic
Based on observations obtained at the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope (CFHT) which is operated from the summit of Maunakea by the National Research Council of Canada, the Institut National des Sciences de l’Univers of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique of France, and the University of Hawaii. Based on observations obtained with SPIRou, an international project led by Institut de Recherche en Astrophysique et Planétologie, Toulouse, France.
© C. Moutou et al. 2020
Open Access article, published by EDP Sciences, under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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