Volume 641, September 2020
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Planets and planetary systems|
|Published online||16 September 2020|
The orbit of Triton with new precise observations and the INPOP19a ephemeris
Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences,
80 Nandan Road,
2 National Time Service Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No.3 East Shuyuan Road, Lintong, Shaanxi 710600, PR China
3 School of Astronomy and Space Science, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, No.19(A) Yuquan Road, Shijingshan District, Beijing 100049, PR China
4 School of Fundamental Studies, Shanghai University of Engineering Science, 333 Long Teng Road, Shanghai 201620, PR China
5 School of Physics and Electronic Information, Huanggang Normal University, 146 Xingang Second Road, Huanggang, Hubei 438000, PR China
Accepted: 30 June 2020
Aims. The Gaia catalogue brings new opportunities and challenges to high-precision astronomy and astrometry. The precision of data reduction is therefore improved by a large number of reference stars with high-precision positions and proper motions. Numerous precise positions for Triton are obtained from the latest observations using the Gaia catalogue. Furthermore, the new INPOP19a planetary ephemeris, which also fits the observations from the Gaia Data Release 2, has recently become available. In this paper, a new orbit of Triton is calculated using the latest precise charge-coupled device (CCD) observations and the INPOP19a ephemeris.
Methods. Triton’s orbital solution is calculated using a numerical integrator, while the orientation of Neptune’s pole in particular is obtained by integrating the simplified Euler’s equations of motion. We determine the orbit of Triton over 170 yr based on 11 040 Earth-based observations made between 1847 and 2016 and on Voyager 2 data. The positions of the Sun and planets are provided by the INPOP19a ephemeris. We compare our results to those from other previous works to check the influences on Triton’s orbit from different planetary ephemerides.
Results. A new orbit of Triton is provided here. The root-mean-square of the residuals for the Earth-based CCD absolute observations are 0.102″ in right ascension and 0.142″ in declination. Although most different planetary ephemerides have large differences in Neptune’s position, the orbits of Triton using different planetary ephemerides are still close, under similar dynamical models. The Voyager 2 data add a constraint on Triton’s orbit here.
Key words: astrometry / celestial mechanics / ephemerides / planets and satellites: individual: Neptune / planets and satellites: individual: Triton
© ESO 2020
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