Volume 640, August 2020
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Letters to the Editor|
|Published online||06 August 2020|
Letter to the Editor
CS Cha B: A disc-obscured M-type star mimicking a polarised planetary companion⋆
Steward Observatory, Unversity of Arizona, 933 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ, USA
2 Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, PO Box 9513, Niels Bohrweg 2, 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands
3 European Southern Observatory, Alonso de Córdova 3107, Casilla 19001, Vitacura, Santiago, Chile
4 Astronomical Institute Anton Pannekoek, University of Amsterdam, PO Box 94249 1090 GE Amsterdam, The Netherlands
5 Instituto de Astrofísica e Ciências do Espaço, Universidade do Porto, CAUP, Rua das Estrelas, 4150-762 Porto, Portugal
6 Université Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, IPAG, 38000 Grenoble, France
7 Institute for Particle Physics and Astrophysics, ETH Zurich, Wolfgang-Pauli-Strasse 27, 8093 Zurich, Switzerland
8 Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore 21218, MD, USA
Accepted: 7 July 2020
Context. Direct imaging provides a steady flow of newly discovered giant planets and brown dwarf companions. These multi-object systems can provide information about the formation of low-mass companions in wide orbits and/or help us to speculate about possible migration scenarios. Accurate classification of companions is crucial for testing formation pathways.
Aims. In this work we further characterise the recently discovered candidate for a planetary-mass companion CS Cha b and determine if it is still accreting.
Methods. MUSE is a four-laser-adaptive-optics-assisted medium-resolution integral-field spectrograph in the optical part of the spectrum. We observed the CS Cha system to obtain the first spectrum of CS Cha b. The companion is characterised by modelling both the spectrum from 6300 Å to 9300 Å and the photometry using archival data from the visible to the near-infrared (NIR).
Results. We find evidence of accretion and outflow signatures in Hα and OI emission. The atmospheric models with the highest likelihood indicate an effective temperature of 3450 ± 50 K with a log g of 3.6 ± 0.5 dex. Based on evolutionary models, we find that the majority of the object is obscured. We determine the mass of the faint companion with several methods to be between 0.07 M⊙ and 0.71 M⊙ with an accretion rate of Ṁ = 4 × 10−11±0.4 M⊙ yr−1.
Conclusions. Our results show that CS Cha B is most likely a mid-M-type star that is obscured by a highly inclined disc, which has led to its previous classification using broadband NIR photometry as a planetary-mass companion. This shows that it is important and necessary to observe over a broad spectral range to constrain the nature of faint companions.
Key words: planets and satellites: individual: CS Cha B / stars: low-mass / accretion / accretion disks / stars: winds / outflows / techniques: imaging spectroscopy
The extracted spectrum of CS Cha B is only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (22.214.171.124) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/cat/J/A+A/640/L12
© ESO 2020
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