This article has an erratum: [erratum]
Volume 397, Number 2, January II 2003
|Page(s)||675 - 691|
|Section||Interstellar and circumstellar matter|
|Published online||17 December 2002|
A spectro-astrometric study of southern pre-main sequence stars
Binaries, outflows, and disc structure down to AU scales
Department of Physical Sciences, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, Herts AL10 9AB, UK
2 Anglo-Australian Observatory, PO Box 296, Epping, NSW 1710, Australia
Corresponding author: M. Takami, email@example.com
Accepted: 22 October 2002
We present spectro-astrometric observations for 28 southern pre-main sequence (PMS) stars and investigate their circumstellar environment down to AU scales. The structures detected in the “position spectra” include: (1) almost all the known binary companions in our sample (Sz 68, Sz 41, HO Lup, VW Cha, S CrA, AS 205), (2) companion candidates which have not been detected by infrared speckle techniques (T CrA, MWC 300), (3) monopolar and bipolar jets (AS 353A, CS Cha), (4) a combination of jets and a bow shock (VV CrA), and (5) a combination of a jet and stellar companion (R CrA). Results in known binaries show that this technique is capable of detecting binaries with separations down to ~10 milliarcsec. Both components in each binary appear to have strikingly similar profiles in Hα emission, indicating a similarity of circumstellar activity (mass accretion and/or a wind), and supporting the scenario of core fragmentation for the mechanism of binary formation. The bipolar Hα jet in CS Cha has a spatial scale of ~1.5 AU, similar to that previously observed in RU Lup, and likely be heated by a mechanism other than shocks. From the spatial scale, velocity, and Hα luminosity, we estimate the mean hydrogen density in the AU-scale bipolar flows to be 107 cm-3. The bipolar geometry in these jets can be explained by the presence of a disc gap/hole at AU scales, which could be induced by a gas-giant planet at the ice condensation radius.
Key words: accretion, accretion discs / line: formation / line: profiles / stars: activity / stars: evolution / stars: pre-main-sequence
© ESO, 2003
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