Volume 640, August 2020
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Section||Letters to the Editor|
|Published online||11 August 2020|
Letter to the Editor
KiDS+VIKING-450: Improved cosmological parameter constraints from redshift calibration with self-organising maps
Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Astronomisches Institut, German Centre for Cosmological Lensing (GCCL), Universitätsstr. 150, 44801 Bochum, Germany
2 Institute for Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, Royal Observatory, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, UK
3 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
4 Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Peyton Hall, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
5 Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, Niels Bohrweg 2, 2333 CA Leiden, The Netherlands
Accepted: 22 July 2020
We present updated cosmological constraints for the KiDS+VIKING-450 cosmic shear data set (KV450) estimated through redshift distributions and photometric samples defined using self-organising maps (SOMs). Our fiducial analysis finds marginal posterior constraints of S8 ≡ σ8 Ωm/0.3 = 0.716−0.038+0.043, which are smaller but otherwise consistent with previous works that have applied this data set (|ΔS8| = 0.023). We analysed additional samples and redshift distributions set up in three ways: (1) by excluding certain spectroscopic surveys during redshift calibration; (2) by excluding lower-confidence spectroscopic redshifts in redshift calibration; and (3) by considering only those photometric sources which are jointly calibrated by at least three spectroscopic surveys. In all cases, the method utilised here has been proven to be robust: we find a maximal deviation from our fiducial analysis of |ΔS8| ≤ 0.011 for all samples defined and analysed using our SOM. To demonstrate the reduction in systematic biases found within our analysis, we highlight our results when performing redshift calibration without the DEEP2 spectroscopic data set. In this case, we find marginal posterior constraints of S8 = 0.707−0.042+0.046; this is a difference, with respect to the fiducial, that is both significantly smaller and in the opposite direction with regard to the equivalent shift from previous works. These results suggest that our improved cosmological parameter estimates are not sensitive to pathological misrepresentations of photometric sources by the spectroscopy used for direct redshift calibration and, therefore, that this systematic effect cannot be responsible for the observed difference between S8 estimates made with KV450 and Planck CMB probes.
Key words: gravitational lensing: weak / cosmology: observations / surveys
© ESO 2020
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.