Volume 633, January 2020
|Number of page(s)||30|
|Section||Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)|
|Published online||13 January 2020|
KiDS+VIKING-450: Cosmic shear tomography with optical and infrared data⋆
Astronomisches Institut, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universitätsstr. 150, 44801 Bochum, Germany
2 Argelander-Institut für Astronomie, Universität Bonn, Auf dem Hügel 71, 53121 Bonn, Germany
3 Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (WPI), The University of Tokyo Institutes for Advanced Study, The University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8583, Japan
4 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
5 Institute for Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, Royal Observatory, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, UK
6 Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, Niels Bohrweg 2, 2333 Leiden, The Netherlands
7 Centre for Astrophysics & Supercomputing, Swinburne University of Technology, PO Box 218, Hawthorn, VIC 3122, Australia
8 Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Denys Wilkinson Building, Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3RH, UK
9 Department of Astronomy, University of Washington, Box 351580, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
10 Institute for Theoretical Particle Physics and Cosmology (TTK), RWTH Aachen University, 52056 Aachen, Germany
11 ICC, University of Barcelona, IEEC-UB, Martí i Franqués, 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
12 Dept. de Física Quàntica i Astrofísica, Universitat de Barcelona, Martí i Franqués 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
13 Center for Cosmology and AstroParticle Physics, The Ohio State University, 191 West Woodruff Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
14 Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, University of Groningen, 9700 Groningen, The Netherlands
15 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, 6224 Agricultural Road, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z1, Canada
16 INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova, Via dell’Osservatorio 5, 35122 Padova, Italy
17 Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Peyton Hall, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
18 Instituto de Física, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso, Casilla 4059, Valparaíso, Chile
Accepted: 15 November 2019
We present a tomographic cosmic shear analysis of the Kilo-Degree Survey (KiDS) combined with the VISTA Kilo-Degree Infrared Galaxy Survey. This is the first time that a full optical to near-infrared data set has been used for a wide-field cosmological weak lensing experiment. This unprecedented data, spanning 450 deg2, allows us to significantly improve the estimation of photometric redshifts, such that we are able to include robustly higher-redshift sources for the lensing measurement, and – most importantly – to solidify our knowledge of the redshift distributions of the sources. Based on a flat ΛCDM model we find S8 ≡ σ8 Ωm/0.3 = 0.737+0.040−0.036 in a blind analysis from cosmic shear alone. The tension between KiDS cosmic shear and the Planck-Legacy CMB measurements remains in this systematically more robust analysis, with S8 differing by 2.3σ. This result is insensitive to changes in the priors on nuisance parameters for intrinsic alignment, baryon feedback, and neutrino mass. KiDS shear measurements are calibrated with a new, more realistic set of image simulations and no significant B-modes are detected in the survey, indicating that systematic errors are under control. When calibrating our redshift distributions by assuming the 30-band COSMOS-2015 photometric redshifts are correct (following the Dark Energy Survey and the Hyper Suprime-Cam Survey), we find the tension with Planck is alleviated. The robust determination of source redshift distributions remains one of the most challenging aspects for future cosmic shear surveys.
Key words: cosmology: observations / gravitational lensing: weak / galaxies: photometry / surveys
Data products from this analysis are available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (184.108.40.206) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/cat/J/A+A/633/A69 and at http://kids.strw.leidenuniv.nl
© ESO 2020
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