Volume 640, August 2020
|Number of page(s)||25|
|Published online||13 August 2020|
Simulating JWST deep extragalactic imaging surveys and physical parameter recovery
Aix Marseille Univ., CNRS, LAM, Laboratoire d’Astrophysique de Marseille, Marseille, France
2 Sorbonne Universités, UPMC-CNRS, UMR7095, Institut d’Astrophysique de Paris, 75014, Paris, France
3 Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, 933 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
4 Cavendish Astrophysics, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB3 0HE, UK
5 Kavli Institute for Cosmology, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK
6 Centro de Astrobiología, Departamento de Astrofísica, CSIC-INTA, Cra. de Ajalvir km.4, 28850, Torrejón de Ardoz, Madrid, Spain
7 International Associate, Cosmic Dawn Center (DAWN) at the Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen and DTU-Space, Technical University of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark
8 University of Leicester, School of Physics & Astronomy, Leicester LE1 7RH, UK
9 Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, University of Groningen, PO Box 800, 9700 AV Groningen, The Netherlands
Accepted: 2 June 2020
We present a new prospective analysis of deep multi-band imaging with the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST). In this work, we investigate the recovery of high-redshift 5 < z < 12 galaxies through extensive image simulations of accepted JWST programs, including the Early Release Science in the EGS field and the Guaranteed Time Observations in the HUDF. We introduced complete samples of ∼300 000 galaxies with stellar masses of log(M*/M⊙) > 6 and redshifts of 0 < z < 15, as well as galactic stars, into realistic mock NIRCam, MIRI, and HST images to properly describe the impact of source blending. We extracted the photometry of the detected sources, as in real images, and estimated the physical properties of galaxies through spectral energy distribution fitting. We find that the photometric redshifts are primarily limited by the availability of blue-band and near-infrared medium-band imaging. The stellar masses and star formation rates are recovered within 0.25 and 0.3 dex, respectively, for galaxies with accurate photometric redshifts. Brown dwarfs contaminating the z > 5 galaxy samples can be reduced to < 0.01 arcmin−2 with a limited impact on galaxy completeness. We investigate multiple high-redshift galaxy selection techniques and find that the best compromise between completeness and purity at 5 < z < 10 using the full redshift posterior probability distributions. In the EGS field, the galaxy completeness remains higher than 50% at magnitudes mUV < 27.5 and at all redshifts, and the purity is maintained above 80 and 60% at z ≤ 7 and 10, respectively. The faint-end slope of the galaxy UV luminosity function is recovered with a precision of 0.1–0.25, and the cosmic star formation rate density within 0.1 dex. We argue in favor of additional observing programs covering larger areas to better constrain the bright end.
Key words: galaxies: high-redshift / galaxies: photometry / galaxies: distances and redshifts / galaxies: fundamental parameters / galaxies: evolution
© O. B. Kauffmann et al. 2020
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.