Volume 637, May 2020
|Number of page(s)||11|
|Section||Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)|
|Published online||08 May 2020|
CLASH-VLT: a full dynamical reconstruction of the mass profile of Abell S1063 from 1 kpc out to the virial radius
INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste, via G. B. Tiepolo 11, 34131 Trieste, Italy
2 IFPU – Institute for Fundamental Physics of the Universe, via Beirut 2, 34014 Trieste, Italy
3 Dipartimento di Fisica e Scienze della Terra, Università di Ferrara, Via Saragat 1, 44122 Ferrara, Italy
4 INAF – OAS, Osservatorio di Astrofisica e Scienza dello Spazio di Bologna, via Gobetti 93/3, 40129 Bologna, Italy
5 INFN, Sezione di Bologna, viale Berti Pichat 6/2, 40127 Bologna, Italy
6 INAF–Osservatorio Astronomico di Capodimonte, Via Moiariello 16, 80131 Napoli, Italy
7 Dipartimento di Fisica, Università degli Studi di Milano, via Celoria 16, 20133 Milano, Italy
8 DARK, Niels-Bohr Institute, Lyngbyvej 2, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
9 Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics (ASIAA), No. 1, Section 4, Roosevelt Road, Taipei 10617, Taiwan
10 Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, University of Groningen, Postbus 800, 9700 AV Groningen, The Netherlands
11 Dipartimento di Fisica, Univ. degli Studi di Trieste, via Tiepolo 11, 34143 Trieste, Italy
Accepted: 21 February 2020
Context. The shape of the mass density profiles of cosmological halos informs us of the nature of dark matter (DM) and DM-baryons interactions. Previous estimates of the inner slope of the mass density profiles of clusters of galaxies are in opposition to predictions derived from numerical simulations of cold dark matter (CDM).
Aims. We determine the inner slope of the DM density profile of a massive cluster of galaxies, Abell S1063 (RXC J2248.7−4431) at z = 0.35, with a dynamical analysis based on an extensive spectroscopic campaign carried out with the VIMOS and MUSE spectrographs at the ESO VLT. This new data set provides an unprecedented sample of 1234 spectroscopic members, 104 of which are located in the cluster core (R ≲ 200 kpc), extracted from the MUSE integral field spectroscopy. The latter also allows the stellar velocity dispersion profile of the brightest cluster galaxy (BCG) to be measured out to 40 kpc.
Methods. We used an upgraded version of the MAMPOSSt technique to perform a joint maximum likelihood fit to the velocity dispersion profile of the BCG and to the velocity distribution of cluster member galaxies over a radial range from 1 kpc to the virial radius (r200 ≈ 2.7 Mpc).
Results. We find a value of γDM = 0.99 ± 0.04 for the inner logarithmic slope of the DM density profile after marginalizing over all the other parameters of the mass and velocity anisotropy models. Moreover, the newly determined dynamical mass profile is found to be in excellent agreement with the mass density profiles obtained from the independent X-ray hydrostatic analysis based on deep Chandra data, as well as the strong and weak lensing analyses.
Conclusions. Our value of the inner logarithmic slope of the DM density profile γDM is in very good agreement with predictions from cosmological CDM simulations. We will extend our analysis to more clusters in future works. If confirmed on a larger cluster sample, our result makes this DM model more appealing than alternative models.
Key words: galaxies: clusters: individual: Abell S1063 / galaxies: clusters: individual: RXC J2248.7-4431 / dark matter / galaxies: clusters: general / galaxies: kinematics and dynamics
© ESO 2020
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