Volume 637, May 2020
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Galactic structure, stellar clusters and populations|
|Published online||13 May 2020|
The proper motion of sub-populations in ω Centauri
INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo E. Fermi 5, 50125 Firenze, Italy
2 ASI Science Data Center, Via del Politecnico SNC, 00133 Rome, Italy
3 European Space Research and Technology Centre (ESA/ESTEC), Keplerlaan 1, 2201 AZ Noordwijk, The Netherlands
4 Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Universitá degli Studi di Bologna, Via Gobetti 93/2, 40129 Bologna, Italy
5 Herzberg Astronomy and Astrophysics, National Research Council, 5071 West Saanich Road, Victoria, British Columbia V9E 2E7, Canada
Accepted: 24 March 2020
The galactic globular cluster ω Centauri is the most massive of its kind, with a complex mix of multiple stellar populations and several kinematic and dynamical peculiarities. Different mean proper motions have been detected among the three main sub-populations, implying that the most metal-rich one is of accreted origin. This particular piece of evidence has been a matter of debate because the available data have either not been sufficiently precise or limited to a small region of the cluster to ultimately confirm or refute the result. Using astrometry from the second Gaia data release and recent high-quality, multi-band photometry, we are now in a position to resolve the controversy. We reproduced the original analysis using the Gaia data and found that the three populations have the same mean proper motion. Thus, there is no need to invoke an accreted origin for the most metal-rich sub-population.
Key words: globular clusters: individual: NGC 5139 / stars: kinematics and dynamics / proper motions
© ESO 2020
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