Volume 633, January 2020
|Number of page(s)||14|
|Section||Interstellar and circumstellar matter|
|Published online||14 January 2020|
Disks Around T Tauri Stars with SPHERE (DARTTS-S)
INAF, Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri,
Largo Enrico Fermi 5,
2 Lakeside Labs, Lakeside Park B04b, 9020 Klagenfurt, Austria
3 Universidad de Santiago de Chile, Av. Libertador Bernardo O’Higgins 3363, Estación Central, Santiago, Chile
4 Institute for Particle Physics and Astrophysics, ETH Zurich, Wolfgang-Pauli-Strasse 27, 8093 Zurich, Switzerland
5 Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, PO Box 9513, 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands
6 European Southern Observatory, Alonso de Córdova 3107, Casilla 19001, Vitacura, Santiago, Chile
7 Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
8 Departamento de Astronomía, Universidad de Chile, Casilla 36-D Santiago, Chile
9 Facultad de Ingeniería y Ciencias, Núcleo de Astronomía, Universidad Diego Portales, Av. Ejercito 441, Santiago, Chile
10 Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
11 Univ. Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, IPAG, 38000 Grenoble, France
Accepted: 22 November 2019
Context. Near-IR polarimetric images of protoplanetary disks enable us to characterize substructures that might be due to the interaction with (forming) planets. The available census is strongly biased toward massive disks around old stars, however.
Aims. The DARTTS program aims at alleviating this bias by imaging a large number of T Tauri stars with diverse properties.
Methods. DARTTS-S employs VLT/SPHERE to image the polarized scattered light from disks. In parallel, DARTTS-A provides ALMA images of the same targets for a comparison of different dust components. In this work, we present new SPHERE images of 21 circumstellar disks, which is the largest sample released to date. We also recalculated some relevant stellar and disk properties following Gaia DR2.
Results. The targets of this work are significantly younger than those published thus far with polarimetric near-IR (NIR) imaging. Scattered light is unambiguously resolved in 11 targets, and some polarized unresolved signal is detected in 3 additional sources. Some disk substructures are detected. However, the paucity of spirals and shadows from this sample reinforces the trend according to which these NIR features are associated with Herbig stars, either because they are older or more massive. Furthermore, disk rings that are apparent in ALMA observations of some targets do not appear to have corresponding detections with SPHERE. Inner cavities larger than ~15 au are also absent from our images, even though they are expected from the spectral energy distribution. On the other hand, 3 objects show extended filaments at larger scale that are indicative of strong interaction with the surrounding medium. All but one of the undetected disks are best explained by their limited size (≲20 au), and the high occurrence of stellar companions in these sources suggests an important role in limiting the disk size. One undetected disk is massive and very large at millimeter wavelengths, implying that it is self-shadowed in the NIR.
Conclusions. This work paves the way toward a more complete and less biased sample of scattered-light observations, which is required to interpret how disk features evolve throughout the disk lifetime.
Key words: protoplanetary disks / techniques: polarimetric / stars: pre-main sequence
The reduced images are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (188.8.131.52) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/cat/J/A+A/633/A82
© ESO 2020
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